Voluntary Childlessness

Becoming voluntarily childless: an exploratory study in a Scottish city.

Author: 
Campbell E
Source: 
Social Biology. 1983 Fall; 30(3):307-17.
Abstract: 

Life history data were collected from 78 individuals who were partners in voluntarily childless marriages in order to identify some of the situations and motives informing the decision to remain childless. The respondents, who were volunteers contacted at family planning clinics in Scotland, were clustered in professional, intermediate, and skilled occupational groups and had been married for an average of 5 years.

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Voluntary and involuntary childlessness in the United States, 1955-1973.

Author: 
Poston DL Jr; Kramer KB
Source: 
Social Biology. 1983 Fall; 30(3):290-306.
Abstract: 

Trends in childlessness among married women in the US between 1910-81 were reviewed using census materials, 2 different procedures were developed for separating involuntary from voluntary childless women, and these 2 procedures were then applied to data collected in 5 national fertility studies to assess trends in voluntary and involuntary childlessness between 1955-73. Census data showed that the childless rate increased from 19.2%-24.1% between 1910-40 and then began to decline until it reached a low of 14.2% in 1965.

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Patterns of childlessness among Catholics and nonCatholics in the United States

Author: 
Poston DL Jr; Kramer KB
Source: 
Austin, Tex, University of Texas, Texas Population Research Center, 1984. 39 p. (Texas Population Research Center Papers, Series 6: 1984 no. 6.006)
Abstract: 

Data from the 1976 US National Survey of Family Growth was used to test the hypothesis that ever-married Catholic women are less likely to be childless than ever-married non-Catholic women. Several previous investigations have detected a convergence in the fertility of Catholic and non-Catholic women in the US. This convergence claim can be substantiated only if the level of childlessness among Catholic and non-Catholic women is similar.

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Modernization and childlessness among the governorates of the Arab Republic of Egypt, 1976

Author: 
Poston DL Jr; el-Badry SM
Source: 
Austin, Tex, University of Texas, Texas Population Research Center, 1984. 23 plus unnumbered p. (Texas Population Research Center Papers, Series 6: 1984 no. 6.017)
Abstract: 

A cross-sectional analysis of the governorates of the Arab Republic of Egypt was conducted in 1976 to assess the degree of relationship between modernization and childlessness in the early stages of economic development. Data were derived primarily from the Population and Housing Census of the Arab Republic of Egypt. It was hypothesized that greater levels of modernization and development would be associated with lower rates of childlessness.

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Patterns compared for the voluntarily childless, undecided childless, postponing childless and mothe ...

Author: 
Polonko K; Scanzoni J
Source: 
Springfield, Virginia, National Technical Information Service, 1981 Jun. 167 p. (PB82-138884; Contract No. N01-HD-92805)
Abstract: 

This study analyzed the consequences of being voluntarily childless as compared with postponers, undecideds, and parents to test the hypothesis that voluntarily childless wives will be more likely to emphasize costs of children, be characterized by dyadic withdrawal, have an egalitarian division of labor in the home, have consistently high achievement, have high marital satisfaction, have higher combined income, and have higher satisfaction with their standard or living. Analyses were performed on extant data from a random sample of 186 voluntarily childless and 598 other married women.

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[Childless or childfree? About infecundity and intentional childlessness]

Author: 
Noack T; Ostby L
Source: 
Oslo-Kongsvinger, Norway, Statistisk Sentralbyra, 1983. 50 p. (Artikler fra Statistisk Sentralbyra no. 140)
Abstract: 

The extent of childlessness in Norway was assessed using data collected in the 1977 Norwegian Fertility Survey. A follow-up study was conducted in 1981 to determine how many of the women who were identified in the initial survey as childless were still childless in 1981. Data on these subsequent births was obtained by checking the files of the Central Population Register for any births registered to these childless women between 1979 and 1981. The degree of voluntary childlessness, as revealed by the 1977 survey, was minimal.

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Childlessness and one-child fertility: a comparative and historical analysis of international data

Author: 
Spencer GK
Source: 
Berkeley, Calif, University of California, 1983. 1,427 p.
Abstract: 

This study is a preliminary comparative analysis of 0 and 1 child completed family sizes in the countries and regions of the world. It concentrates especially on an examination of the effect of age at marriage and of different marital statuses on completed family sizes of 0 and 1. These analyses are historical in that they contain information from the beginning of the century through the mid-1970s. They are global in perspective since the basic data are from 515 censuses.

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Delayed childbearing in the United States.

Author: 
Bloom DE
Source: 
Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University, Center for Population Studies, 1984 Mar. 52 p. (Center for Population Studies Discussion Paper No. 84-3)
Abstract: 

This paper analyzes the phenomenon of delayed childbearing in the United States. It begins by exploring problems associated with the definition of measurement of delayed childbearing. The literature on the subject is most conspicuous for the absence of a precise definition. The definition used in this paper is that delayed childbearing is the tendency of one group or cohort of women to initiate childbearing at a later age than another group or cohort of women. Existing empirical evidence of the phenomenon is reviewed and some new evidence is presented.

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Perceptions of parenthood and childlessness: a comparison of mothers and voluntarily childless wives ...

Author: 
Callan VJ
Source: 
Population and Environment. 1983 Fall; 6(3):179-89.
Abstract: 

50 mothers and 50 voluntary childless wives selected from an adjective checklist, the personality traits most typical of parents and intentionally childless persons. Both groups of women described parents as "concerned," "loving," "hardworking," "conventional," and "patient", while voluntarily childless wives were more likely to choose the traits "conventional" and "restricted." Voluntarily childless persons were described by a strikingly different set of attributes.

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Characteristics of voluntarily childless women in the Netherlands.

Author: 
Niphuis-Nell M
Source: 
In: Cliquet RL, Dooghe G, Van de Kaa DJ, Moors HG, ed. Population and family in the low countries. III. Voorburg, Netherlands, Netherlands Interuniversity Demographic Institute, 1983. 71-107. (Publications of the Netherlands Interuniversity Demographic Institute (N.I.D.I.) and the Population and Family Study Center (C.B.G.S.) vol. 10)
Abstract: 

This article presents the results of the 1975 Netherlands Survey on Fertility and Parenthood Motivation regarding the social-psychological and social-demographic characteristics of voluntarily childless women.

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