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China's energy consumption and environmental problems.

Author: 
Zhang J
Source: 
In: Population and environment in developing countries: the macro scenario and select case studies, edited by Rajib Nandi, G.N. Rao. Thiruvananthapuram, India, Centre for Development Studies, 1999. 30-8. (Research Monograph Series Vol. 1)
Abstract: 

This study examined the state of China's energy use and explored the problems existing in both commercial and noncommercial energy consumption. China has a very rich source of energy. Its sources of energy include fossil fuel (coal and crude oil), hydroelectric energy, tidal energy, wind energy, and biomass. In focusing on China s commercial energy consumption and contribution to world environmental problems, it was noted that the structure of commercial energy consumption is unique and is a key to environmental problems for its huge share of coal. Some of the environmental consequences of China's energy use include acid rain, siltation, deforestation and emission of greenhouse gas. In terms of the linkage between economic growth and energy use in the country, it was highlighted that economic progress was positively dependent on the use of energy during 1949-74. Such linkage weakened during 1978-90, in which period China acquired advanced technologies during the 1980s. It may be the result of the transition from heavy industry to a light and less energy-intensive industrial structure. However, considering the course of its ongoing rapid economic growth, it is important to follow an environment-friendly energy policy. Some policy suggestions are given along with tables that contain specific figures of energy consumption of China, as well as figures from other countries and indexes of their greenhouse emissions.

Language: 
Year: 
Region / Country: 
Asia | 
Document Number: 
148745
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