World revolution and family patterns.
This monograph describes the changes in family patterns over the last half century in Japan, China, India, the West, Sub-Saharan Africa, and the Arab countries, and relates these changes to various alterations in other institutional areas of each country. The inquiry concerns the reasons why similar family behavior and values are emerging in these areas of the world from quite different directions and traditions, at different rates of speed, and in conjunction with industrialization and urbanization. Survey, census, and registration data are assembled for each area of the world. Topics for each area include marriage patterns, economic control over marriages, premarital sexual behavior, age differences, divorce, polygyny, fertility and contraception, illegitimacy, infanticide, women's status, and family structure. Pressures from industrialization on the traditional family structure include: 1) the requirement for physical movement of people, 2) the creation of class-differental morbidity, 3) the undermining of large corporate kin groupings, 4) the increased emphasis on achievement rather than birth, and 5) the emphasis on specialization. The primary process involved in the impact of industrialization on the family is the control of upper class elders of new opportunities. The new emerging family patterns offer people the potential of greater fulfillment.