The behavioural factors in family planning adoption.

United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific [ESCAP]
In: United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP). Husband-wife communication and practice of family planning. Bangkok, ESCAP, 1974. (Asian Population Studies Series, No. 16) (E/CN.11/1212) p. 134-146

An attempt is made to specify the behavioral factors, or combination of factors, which might cause adoption of family planning and apply them to the data for the 4 nations under study--India, Iran, the Philippines, and Singapore--to determine how well they do, in fact, explain adoptive behavior. Bogue's 7-component behavioral adoption model is used as a theoretical basis. His 7 points are 1) knowledge of methods and how to obtain services; 2) the presence of sufficient motivation; 3) credibilit y, or the belief that family planning will produce the benefits promised; 4) legitimacy, the belief that family planning is socially acceptable; 5) salience, ego-involvement, the referral of the family planning message to one's own family situation; 6) a positive attitude toward family planning methods; and 7) personal efficacy, the belief one can control one's fertility. A correlation of behavioral and environmental variables revealed low and weak relationships. It was cle ar that the behavioral variables hypothesized to be effective in family planning adoption were almost wholly independent of demographic and family variables and only slightly linked to socioeconomic variables. Taken together, behavioral factors offered a more comprehensible explanation of family planning adoption than environmental factors. A couple's desire for no more children and a feeling that family planning is socially acceptable emerged as the 2 principal psychological factors. y

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