Population growth and fertility control.
The effect of economic growth on fertility rates and theories, and real problems concerning high fertility are discussed. Some governments are reluctant to sponsor population control programs. Since the western countries once had high fertility and their birthrates declined after the industrial revolution, many leaders of underdeveloped areas place their hope in economic development. However, it is not known why the birthrates declined and mortality declines were more rapid than were decreases in fertility. Some of the erroneous theories about high fertility are: 1) large families are desired, 2) there are religious objections, 3) high sexual frequency produced high birthrates, 4) illegitimacy and promiscuity cause high birthrates, and 5) those in rural areas have more frequent sex relations than city dwellers because of lack of electricity and night sports. Some of the real problems are: 1) ignorance of family planning, 2) indifference to the idea, 3) ambivalent feelings about small vs. large families, and 4) motivation only after several children have already been born.