Labour force participation in low-income countries.
This introduction precedes a book of case studies of labor force participation in low-income countries. The purpose of these studies is to examine factors other than purely demographic (age, education, sex) which determine the size of the labor force. Since each case study was prepared independently, several approaches are used: multivariate analysis, cross-tabulation, and regression analysis based on cross-sectional data from a sample survey. The overall approach is described as deterministic and loosely based on some implicit or explicit household decision-making model of behavior. This approach is more appropriate for analysing the incidence of participation, which groups have a relatively high or low probability of participation, than the overall rate of participation. Future analyses should make greater use of historical factors, considering the long-run interactions of individual behavioral patterns and labor market factors, technology, job structures, and cultural barriers to participation. An important question raised by the research is whether or not tendencies in economies undergoing the process of industrialization and urbanization produce diverging patterns of labor force participation between socioeconomic strata of society?