[Brief review of population politics and actions which have been taken to influence population growth and distribution in Colombia (1962-1982)] Breve revision de lo que han sido las politicas y acciones que han requerido influir en el crecimiento y distribution de la poblacion en Colombia (1962-1982).
Colombia is one of the countries that has most radically modified its pattern of demographic development. In 1978 the fertility rate for the 1st time declined to levels of less than 30/1000. In 1980, for the 1st time in the demographic history of Colombia, an urban zone--the Pacific Region--reached fertility levels inferior to those of the capital. In recent years, the country has undergone a reduction of interdepartmental migration. It is estimated that from 1978 to 2003 the urban population will change from 16 to 28 million and that it will represent 63 to 75% of the total population. The rate of urban growth will be reduced from 3 to 1.7% in the period 1998-2003. Rural population will be stable with a volume of 9.3 million and a growth rate near 0. It is thought that during the next 25 years Colombia's population will concentrate in urban conglomerates of 500,000 at the same time that concentration in intermediate cities of less than 100,000 will be reduced. The number of such cities will increase to at least 20. These predictions are based on recent trends. A historical survey of population politics in Colombia is given as a context in which these changes have occurred. Special attention is given to actions taken during the governments of Carlos Lleras Restrepo and Misael Pastrara Borrero. The 1st encouraged migration from rural areas to intermediate cities and the 2nd fostered migration to large cities. The role of AID in financing Restrepo's politics is examined. It is suggested that Restrepo's plans functioned essentially as descriptive mechanisms which justified political and economic purposes and that their effect on Colombia's demographic changes was insignificant.