[The Soviet census of 1979] Le recensement sovietique de 1979
Data from the 1979 census of the USSR have not yet been published in their totality; there is, for example, no known data on the age and sex distribution of the population. This paper presents some of the known data from the 1979 census. The total population went from 208.8 million in 1959 to 264.2 million in 1979; males are 46.6% of the population, and females are 53.4%; urban population is 62% and rural population is 38%. There are 18 cities with over 1 million inhabitants; urbanization is less marked in Moscow and in Leningrad that in other cities. Annual population growth rate is the highest in the republics of Tadjikistan, Ouzbekistan, and Armenia, with a rate of 30.5/1000, 30.5/1000, and 22.0/1000, respectively. The major ethnic groups are in Armenia, Lituania, and Azerbaidjian, where they represent the majority of the population. Russian is spoken by 83% of the total population, and it is the 2nd language for over 49% of the population. 6.8% of the population over 10, or 10.0% of the active population, has completed university level education, and 10.7% of those over 10, or 15.6% of the active population have completed specialized secondary school. The difference in educational status between men and women is nonexistant among the active population, but it is still very high among the rural masses.