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United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division
In: World population policies. Volume II. Gabon to Norway, [compiled by] United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1989. 78-81. (Population Studies No. 102/Add.1; ST/ESA/SER.A/102/Add.1)

Ireland's 1985 population of 3,608,000 is projected to grow to 5,326,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 29.6% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 14.4% were over the age of 60. 21.0% and 17.0% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 11.8 to 6.5 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 73.0 to 77.3 years, the crude death rate will decrease from 9.5 to 7.7, while infant mortality will decline from 10.2 to 5.5. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 3.1 to 2.0, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 21.3 to 14.2. The 1981 female mean age at 1st marriage was 23.4 years. Urban population will increase from 57.0% in 1985 to 76.4% overall by the year 2025. Population growth, morbidity, mortality, fertility, immigration, and spatial distribution are considered to be acceptable by the government, while emigration is not. Ireland does not have an explicit population policy. The government does, however, aim to hold present fertility and population growth rates, adjust spatial distribution, and stem emigration. A committee has been charged with the responsibility of advising for emigration welfare services. Population policy as it relates to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.

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