Indonesia's 1985 population of 166,440,000 is projected to grow to 272,744,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 38.7% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 5.6% were over the age of 60. 22.6% and 13.1% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 19.5 to 8.0 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 53.5 to 70.8 years, the crude death rate will decrease from 12.6 to 7.9, while infant mortality will decline from 84.4 to 26.2. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 4.1 to 2.0, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 32.1 to 15.9. the 1985 contraceptive prevalence rate was 38.0, while the 1980 female mean age at 1st marriage was 20.0 years. Urban population will increase from 25.3% in 1985 to 55.9% overall by the year 2025. Immigration and emigration are considered to be acceptable by the government, while population growth, morbidity, mortality, fertility, and spatial distribution are not. Indonesia has an explicit population policy. Central objectives include reducing fertility and population growth, readjusting population distribution, and improving employment opportunities and living conditions. Population policy as it relates to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.