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United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division
In: World population policies. Volume III. Oman to Zimbabwe, compiled by United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1990. 206-9. (Population Studies No. 102/Add.2; ST/ESA/SER.A/102/Add.2)

Venezuela's 1985 population of 17,317,000 is projected to grow to 38,000,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 39.5% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 5.3% were over the age of 60. 27.8% and 11.5% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 27.4 to 13.8 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 69.0 to 73.7 years, the crude death rate will increase from 5.5 to 6.3, while infant mortality will decline from 29.0 to 20.0. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 4.1 to 2.6, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 33.0 to 20.1. The 1977 contraceptive prevalence rate was 49.3, while the 1981 female mean age at 1st marriage was 21.2 years. Urban population will increase from 87.6% in 1985 to 96.0% overall by the year 2025. Population growth, fertility and emigration are considered to be acceptable by the government, while mortality, morbidity, high immigration, and spatial distribution are not. Venezuela does not have an explicit population policy. Fertility and health are addressed under more broad social sector policy and in the general context of family welfare. While the government does not directly intervene to affect population growth or fertility, sectoral programs and national development plans have had an impact on population dynamics. Population policy as it relates to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.

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