Uruguay's 1985 population of 3,012,000 is projected to grow to 3,875,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 26.9% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 15.3% were over the age of 60. 22.1% and 17.4% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 9.3 to 5.2 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 70.3 to 73.4 years, the crude death rate will remain constant at 10.2, and infant mortality will decline from 30.0 to 16.0. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 2.8 to 2.2, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 19.5 to 15.4. No information is reported on the contraceptive prevalence rate, while the 1975 female mean age at 1st marriage was 22.4 years. Urban population will increase from 84.6% in 1985 to 91.6% overall by the year 2025. Mortality and morbidity are considered to be acceptable by the government, while low population growth, fertility, immigration, high emigration, and spatial distribution are not. Uruguay has an explicit population policy. It aims to increase population growth, fertility, and immigration, while reducing morbidity, mortality, and emigration. Return migration is also encouraged. Population policy as it relates to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.