Uganda's 1985 population of 15,491,000 is projected to grow to 55,198,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 48,1% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 4.1% were over the age of 60. 39.0% and 4.7% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 33.4 to 23.0 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 49.0 to 65.0 years, the crude death rate will decrease from 16.8 to 6.6, while infant mortality will decline from 112.0 to 47.0. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 6.9 to 3.6, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 50.3 to 29.5. The 1989 contraceptive prevalence rate was 5.5, while no information was presented on the female mean age at 1st marriage. Urban population will increase from 9.4% in 1985 to 29.6% overall by the year 2025. Insignificant immigration and spatial distribution are considered to be acceptable by the government, while population growth, mortality, morbidity, fertility, and high emigration are not. Uganda does not have an explicit population policy. The government feels that peace, integrated socioeconomic development, long-term modification of reproductive behavior, and lower mortality and morbidity will bring about desired reductions in fertility. Improved health will result from primary health care and health education targeted to mothers and children. Population policy as it related to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.