Suriname's 1985 population of 375,000 is projected to grow to 628,000 by the year 2025. In 1983, 37.2% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 6.6% were over the age of 60. 22.4% and 13.9% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 22.0 to 9.6 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 68.0 to 76.7 years, the crude death rate will decrease from 6.8 to 5.8, while infant mortality will decline from 36.0 to 9.0. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 3.6 to 2.1, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 28.8 to 15.4. No information is reported on the contraceptive prevalence rate and female mean age at 1st marriage. Urban population will increase from 45.7% in 1985 to 69.8% overall by the year 2025. Population growth, fertility, and insignificant immigration are considered to be acceptable by the government, while mortality, morbidity, spatial distribution, and high emigration are not. Suriname does not have an explicit population policy. While supporting the provision of contraceptives, health services, and primary health care for the population, the government does not intervene in population growth and fertility. It is, however, illegal to provide family planning services and information to adolescents. Efforts have also been taken to stem international emigration and shift spatial distribution toward the interior of the country. Population policy as it related to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.