Sudan's 1985 population of 21,818,000 is projected to grow to 59,594,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 45.2% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 4.5% were over the age of 60. 33.9% and 6.3% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined by 28.6 to 17.4 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 47.8 to 63.8 years, the crude death rate will decrease from 17.3 to 7.7, while infant mortality will decline from 118.0 to 51.0. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 6.6 to 3.0, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 45.9 to 25.1. The 1978/79 contraceptive prevalence rate was 4.6, while the 1973 female mean age at 1st marriage was 18.7 years. Urban population will increase from 20.6% in 1985 to 45.5% overall by the year 2025. Population growth and fertility are considered to be acceptable by the government, while mortality, spatial distribution, and significantly high immigration and emigration are not. Sudan does not have an explicit population policy. Official focus centers largely upon improving the standard of living through attention to infant and maternal mortality, maternal-child care, and providing primary health care and basic social services. The status of women and a modified spatial distribution are other priority concerns of the government. Population policy as it related to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.