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The World Health Organization: school health initiatives.

Author: 
Gold RS
Source: 
JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH. 1990 Sep; 60(7):370-8.
Abstract: 

The UN and its family of operational agencies have existed for almost 5 decades. For school health personnel, to understand how these agencies operate--in particular, the World Health Organization (WHO)--is worthwhile. To understand how WHO influenced the practice of health education for school aged youth, some critical events that have occurred during the past 5 decades are reviewed and several current and future activities are identified and described. Austria, England, Norway, and Finland designed and conducted the WHO Cross-National Survey: Health Behavior of School aged Children. A core survey was set up and each country could add optional questions according to its own needs. The 2nd round of survey was done during the 1985 school year with 11 countries taking part. In May, 1989, more than 17 European nations and Canada decided to take part in the 3rd round, conducted during the next academic year. WHO has been working on Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)/Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDS) education. In 1988, the WHO Division of Health Education and Health Promotion was established. WHO is working with the US Centers for Disease Control's Division of Adolescent and School Health to set up a collaborating center emphasizing school health education. Recently in 3rd world countries, there has been a dramatic drop in infant mortality through the expanded program of immunization, increases in breast feeding, improvement of weaning practices, and oral rehydration therapy. This is the Child Survival Revolution. These efforts should be continued beyond infancy. This is known as the Child Development Revolution. An Action- Oriented Prototype Curriculum has been developed. It is used in teacher training and contains material on diarrheal disease control, expanded immunization programs, breast feeding, AIDS, and family planning. The strategy is to learn by action and discovery. (author's modified)

Language: 
Year: 
Region / Country: 
Americas | 
Europe | 
Document Number: 
272545
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