Prevention of wife battering: insights from cultural analysis. Nursing Network on Violence against Women.
This paper presents a cultural analysis on the prevention of wife battering in 14 different cultures by providing suggestions for the prevention or limitation of wife beating in all cultures. The paper proposes that individual psychological factors predict the occurrence of wife or husband beating or mutual violence, while cultural, political, and economic factors lead to the frequency and severity of wife beating. The feminist perspective views battering with other forms of female violence as a measure that maintain the patriarchal dominance. While male sexual jealousy, the role of mother-in-law and other older women could directly affect the frequency and severity of domestic violence. The combination of sanction and sanctuary is a powerful influence against wife beating becoming wife battering. On the other hand, the resource theory explores the correlation between poverty and wife battering. Cultural theory explains that general violence in the society, active community intervention and acceptance of masculinity greatly affect the frequency and severity of domestic abuse. The systems theory identifies 6 major causes of family violence, which consistently affects the prevalence of domestic violence. On the other hand, exchange theory assumes that individuals act violently if not controlled by their environment. This paper demonstrates that societal influences on violence are significant for developing policy and prevention methods on the cessation of domestic violence.