Women in armed conflict situations.
Violence against women in armed conflict situations is one of the most massive-scale violations of human rights. It had happened and is still happening in war torn countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. In this article, war prostitution and sexual abuse of all kinds by the Japanese Imperial Army during the World War II are discussed. The abduction, detention and mass rape of a large number of women in Asia during World War II should be understood as part of the war strategy to annihilate the enemy by demoralizing and terrorizing the population. In a case study on the issue of military sexual slavery by Japan, it was concluded that gross violations of human rights and fundamental freedom, particularly when they have been committed on a massive scale, are by their nature irreparable. The case study reviewed social and legal basis for compensating the women victims of armed conflict. It reexamined the principles of the 1907 Hague Convention, the principles on crimes against humanity, international laws, and the UN mechanisms. In addition, based on the conclusion, it was recommended that the responsibility of the perpetrators be clearly established and that the rights of the victims are sustained. Specific recommendations for the UN, the governments, particularly Japan, are cited.