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Population control in the new world order.

Hartmann B
[Unpublished] 1992. Presented at the forum on Population Policies, Women's Health and Environment, Women's Event, UNCED, 92 Global Forum, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, June 6, 1992. 13 p.

In the "new world order" after the Cold War, population control ideology is being polished with a feminist and environmentalist gloss, and marketed with mass communication techniques as another means of social control. In the South the main mechanisms of population control are: 1) Structural adjustment. Government commitment to reduce population growth is often a condition of International Monetary Fund and World Bank structural adjustment loans. This is most recently the case in India, where government expenditure on population control is slated to increase. 2) Targeting population assistance at countries with the largest population sizes. The USAID is planning to double its aid to 17 big countries (India, Indonesia, Brazil). 3) Rapid introduction of long-acting provider-dependent contraceptive technologies, such as Norplant, in health systems that are ill-equipped to distribute them safely or ethically. In addition, these technologies do not protect women from sexually transmitted diseases, notably HIV. They neglect male methods such as the condom and vasectomy. 4) Renewed pressure on governments to remove prescription requirements for hormonal contraceptives. 5) Mass marketing of contraceptives and neo-Malthusian messages. 6) Continued data collection to persuade Southern officials of the need for population control. In the North, population control intensification takes these forms: 1) Expensive and sophisticated propaganda efforts by population agencies trying to increase aid allocations. European government aid agencies are under pressure to change their relatively progressive stances on population to ones more in keeping with the UN Population Fund and World Bank agenda. 2) Alliance building between population agencies and mainstream environmental organizations. 3) Immigration restrictions. 4) Coercive population control of poor women, especially women of color. In addition, a population doublespeak is used to obscure the real intentions of the population establishment when promoting contraceptive choice, claiming to improve women's status, protecting the environment by reducing population growth, endorsing sustainability, and building consensus.

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