The effects of income on food and nutritional status in the Middle Eastern area (1960-1985).
Dramatically increased oil prices significantly and rapidly increased the income of most middle eastern countries after 1973. The author reports on the effect of the income growth on food and nutrition status. He looks at per capita income, food consumption, population per physician, crude birth and death rates, infant mortality rate, child death rate, and life expectancy over 1960-85 for the oil exporting countries Algeria, Libya, and Saudi Arabia, the labor exporting countries Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia, and Yemen, and the agriculture producing countries Jordan, Sudan, Syria, and Turkey. The analysis found the income elasticities of wheat, rice, and corn consumption to be less than one for all countries. The income elasticities for egg, beef, and poultry were more than one for most of the countries. Crude birth and death rates, and child and infant mortality rates decreased with increasing income, while population per physician and life expectancy increased. Only Morocco showed insignificant results for most of the analysis.