India. South Asia Region.
A country profile of demographic/statistical data, social and health aspects, and government policies and programs in India particularly as they relate to family planning is presented by the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF). The government finds current high population growth obstructive to reducing poverty, and has combined family planning, family welfare, maternal-child health (MCH), and nutrition with development, female education, and women's rights. The government offers family welfare and primary health centers which provide contraceptive services through the National Family Welfare Program. The Family Planning Association (FPA) of India was created in 1949, and became a member of the IPPF in 1952. The FPA provides education, family planning, MCH, and counselling services through funding from the government, MCH, and counselling services through funding from the government. In addition to working to improve women's status, it also attempts to involve more women and youth in development. Almost 43% of married women practice contraception, with the overwhelming majority using modern methods. Sterilization is the most popular method, followed by the IUD. Abortion is legal to save the woman's life, protect maternal health, for social-medical reasons, for genetic defects, in cases of rape and incest, and occasionally for contraceptive failure. Family planning constraints, education, demographic trends, health issues, status of women, contraceptive availability and accessibility, and the operations and funding of the family planning association are fully discussed.