The role of the International Labor Organization.
Millions of children are being forced to work as prostitutes. The International Labor Organization (ILO) has made a commitment that child prostitution cannot be tolerated, and all efforts must be made to end the practice. That commitment is reflected in ILO Convention 29 on forced labor, adopted in 1930. The convention aims to suppress the use of all forms of forced labor, and states that the illegal exaction of forced or compulsory labor will be punishable as a penal offence. The ILO Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations first specifically addressed the issue of child prostitution in the context of forced labor in its 1985 report. Furthermore, in its 1992 report to the International Labor Conference, the Committee of Experts identified the use of children as one of the worst forms of forced labor, whether in prostitution or pornography. Convention 29 is linked to a number of other international standards. The International Program on the Elimination of Child Labor (IPEC) experience with child prostitution in Thailand, Philippines, and Nepal is described.