[Migration and prostitution in the Abidjan region] Migrations et prostitution dans la region d'Abidjan.
Migration to the Ivory Coast from neighboring countries has been significant since before independence. Most male migrants are young single men from the Sahel countries to the north who seek work on the recommendation of migrant friends or relatives. Most women enter as members of families from countries to the east: Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, and Cameroon. Over half of prostitutes in Abidjan are from Ghana. The highest fees are commanded by prostitutes from Senegal, Niger, Guinea, Mali, and Burkina Faso, who share apartments in small groups and also work in night clubs and hotels. They account for about 10%. Another 8.5% are girls 12-16 years old who seek to escape restrictive families or are pushed into prostitution by their destitute families. At present, 25% of professional prostitutes are natives of the Ivory Coast. Migrants comprise 40% of the population of Abidjan, and 62% of migrants are under 35 years old. A 1991 study of 300 clients of prostitutes in Abidjan indicated that the typical client is a single, 28-year-old migrant working as a laborer or artisan. Only 15% of clients reported using condoms. HIV seroprevalence in the Abidjan region was estimated in 1993 at over 10% for the general population and over 80% for prostitutes. A series of studies of prostitutes beginning with informal biweekly contacts in 1989-90 and ethnographic studies in 1991-92 furnished background for preventive efforts and subjects for 2 KAP surveys. 71 prostitutes have been trained as peer educators, with 6 women trained to render psychosocial assistance to seropositive prostitutes. An intervention strategy based on the research attempts to involve key community members such as proprietors or managers of bars or hotels, and to develop a community-based distribution network for condoms at the prostitutes' places of work.