The HIV / AIDS epidemic in Swaziland. HIV / AIDS policy fact sheet.
Swaziland has the highest HIV/AIDS prevalence rate (the percent of people living with the disease) in the world, a much higher rate than the sub-Saharan African region overall (38.8% compared to 7.5%). Moreover, a recent survey suggests that HIV prevalence rates in Swaziland continue to increase. As of the end of 2003, there were an estimated 220,000 people living with HIV/AIDS in Swaziland, or almost 4 in 10 adults. The epidemic has already had a profound effect in Swaziland, posing significant development challenges to this middle-income country. The Government of Swaziland created the Swaziland National AIDS Programme in 1987 to respond to the epidemic and declared HIV/AIDS a national disaster in 1999. In 2001, the National Emergency Response Council on HIV and AIDS (NERCHA) was established, and the National AIDS Strategic Plan for HIV/AIDS 2006 - 2008 is currently under development. (excerpt)