The HIV / AIDS epidemic in Nigeria. HIV / AIDS policy fact sheet.
Nigeria has the third highest number of people estimated to be living with HIV/AIDS in the world (3.6 million as of the end of 2003), after South Africa and India. Although Nigeria's HIV/AIDS prevalence rate (the percent of people living with the disease) is still relatively low compared to some countries in sub-Saharan Africa, Nigeria is considered to be a "next wave" country; that is, it stands at a critical point in its epidemic where increased prevention and treatment efforts today could help stem the tide of a much more significant epidemic in the future. As the most populous country in Africa and one of the most populous nations in the world, even a small increase in the HIV/AIDS prevalence rate in this low-income country would represent a significant share of the global HIV/AIDS burden. The Government of Nigeria established the National AIDS Action Committee (NACA) in 2000 and has a National HIV/AIDS Strategic Plan for the 2005-2009 period. (excerpt)