WHO guidelines on the use of vaccines and antivirals during influenza pandemics.
Influenza vaccines and antiviral drugs for influenza are essential components of a comprehensive pandemic response, which also includes planning for antibiotic supplies and other health care resources. However, the current reality is that most countries have no or very limited supplies. Such a situation would force national authorities to make difficult decisions concerning which citizens should receive first call on limited vaccines and drugs. This document provides guidance to health policy-makers and national authorities on planning principles and options for the prioritization of vaccine and antiviral use during an influenza pandemic. It includes recommendations on actions that can improve future supply for the many countries that currently have no national vaccine or antiviral production. (excerpt)