Gender-based violence in Tanzania: an assessment of policies, services, and promising interventions.
Gender-based violence is a grave reality in the lives of many women in Tanzania. Based on key informant interviews and focus group discussions, this assessment provides a snapshot of the current GBV policy environment, and the state of services for those affected by GBV in Tanzania. It highlights some of the most promising GBV interventions and identifies the most important gaps and opportunities. Findings indicate that many forms of GBV, including intimate partner violence and rape, are seen as normal and are met with acceptance by both men and women. While there are signs of support and progress at the policy level to address GBV, the volume and quality of services and resources available to survivors of GBV is minimal. Health services in particular are weak, as there are no proper protocols or training for health professionals to respond to cases of GBV. A handful of promising interventions have been or are being implemented by NGOs, yet, they are limited in scope and number. Key recommendations include: advocacy for a specific law on domestic violence; incorporation of GBV in HIV and reproductive health policies; formation of a multi-sectoral GBV network; reforming health centers systematically to address GBV, starting with how-to policies, protocols, and guidelines; and linking GBV and HIV in HIV awareness-raising programs and mass media campaigns.