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Child nutrition and oral health in Ulaanbaatar.

Author: 
Karvonen HM; Nuutinen O; Uusitalo U; Sorvari R; Ihanainen M
Source: 
Nutrition Research. 2003; 23(9):1165-1176.
Abstract: 

This study investigated the nutritional status and eating habits of Mongolian children in relation to dental health. Growth and oral health of 151 Ulaanbaatarian children under age five were examined, and their parents were interviewed on child’s health and eating habits. Every tenth child had a low weight for age and the mean energy intake of the weaned children was 89%-96% of the recommendation by WHO. Frequent eating exposed the teeth of children to many acid attacks. Every third child over age three had serious developmental defects in their teeth, which might be associated with deficient intakes of energy and calcium, highly variable vitamin D supplementation and gastrointestinal infections. All of the examined 4 to 5-year old children had caries and the average number of decayed teeth was 6.5. Severe caries was related to the abundant use of sugar, whereas proper dental health was related to use of hard cheese. (author's)

Language: 
Year: 
Region / Country: 
Document Number: 
187504
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