Revealing patterns -- a cross-country analysis of the gender gap in mortality.
Previous studies identified the middle-aged and elderly Europeans aged 50 and older to be the most decisive age-group when it comes to life-expectancy differences between women and men. This study at hand aims to shed further light on the question why the age-group 50-80 does not only determine the magnitude, but also the dynamic of the gender gap in mortality and furthermore why the importance differs across European countries. This paper utilized data from the 2004 SHARE (Survey on Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe) baseline wave. First descriptive findings on the impact of several possible predictors of premature mortality on the country-specific differences of the gender gap will be presented. The preliminary results bring out the role of particular health- and health behavior parameters and identified those aspects where further research might take its point of departure. (author's)