Indoor residual spraying. Use of indoor residual spraying for scaling up global malaria control and elimination. WHO position statement.
WHO's Global Malaria Programme recommends the following three primary interventions that must be scaled up in countries to effectively respond to malaria, towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals for malaria by 2015 and other health targets: diagnosis of malaria cases and treatment with effective medicines; distribution of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) to achieve full coverage of populations at risk of malaria; and indoor residual spraying (IRS) as a major means of malaria vector control to reduce and eliminate malaria transmission including, where indicated, the use of DDT. Scaling up access and achieving high coverage of these effective interventions, particularly to populations who are at the highest risk of malaria, and sustaining their implementation, remain major challenges for achieving current global malaria control goals. (excerpt)