Your search found 4 Results
Sociological Focus. 1998 Aug; 31(3):303-312.In measuring public opinion about controversial issues, pollsters strive for balanced and comprehensive coverage of the subject. This type of coverage may be undermined, however, when one perspective of the issue tends to predominate in society. This point is illustrated by a review of questions major pollsters asked about the abortion issue over an eight-year period. The data suggest that in querying the public about abortion rights, in describing the legal and empirical realities of the abortion situation and in seeking the public's reaction to abortion politics and policy, pollsters tended to reflect the dominant pro-choice perspective. (author's)
GIRE. 1998 Sep; (18):5.The debate on abortion unleashed in July 1998 by remarks of Mexico's Secretary of Health has prompted dozens of individuals and institutions from all sectors to make their views known. The principal arguments have been that the secrecy in which abortion is practiced is damaging to public health and mental health in a society where between 850,000 and 1 million abortions and around 1000 maternal deaths from abortion occur annually. Considering that it is a grave problem experienced by millions of Mexicans, the scarcity of medical information and over-abundance of religious ideology are regrettable. The opposition of the Catholic hierarchy and allied groups to decriminalization, or even to consultation of the people, reveal fear that what surveys reveal is true: society is inclined to leave decisions about abortion to the woman and her partner. At least three indications are recognized as justifiable motives for abortion by a large number of people: rape, preserving the life of the mother, and congenital anomalies.
Family Planning Perspectives. 1998 Jul-Aug; 30(4):177-81.Because there are few qualitative data on the attitudes of district attorneys towards the local enforcement of statutory rape laws called for by the 1996 federal welfare reform law, anonymous surveys were sent to all 105 Kansas district attorneys in 1997. Data were gathered from the 92 returned surveys and from in-depth telephone interviews with seven of the respondents. It was found that 74% of the respondents favored aggressive enforcement, but only 37% believed the public would support such action, and only 24% thought enforcement would reduce the incidence of adolescent pregnancy. While 57% supported the legal age of consent in Kansas (16 years), 53% thought the law should not specify age differences between the partners, but prosecutions are the exception when the age difference is less than 3 years unless the victim was mentally disabled or the case involved force. Most of the district attorneys (77%) rejected the view that a minor who is already sexually active does not merit the protection of statutory rape laws, and 78% felt that paternity acknowledgements should be admissible evidence in prosecutions. Only 17% expressed the opinion that enforcement would discourage adolescents from seeking health care. It was concluded that the impact of statutory rape prosecution on reproductive and psychological health should be considered on a case-by-case basis and that potentially negative impacts can be minimized by educating law enforcement officials about adolescent health care issues.
BMJ (CLINICAL RESEARCH ED.). 1998 Mar 28; 316(7136):960.In the UK, Dr. David Southall courts publicity for child advocacy issues and takes risks to improve child health and well-being. Some of his methods have been controversial, such as conducting research on the effects of high altitudes (including air travel) on infants and the use of covert video surveillance to trap suspected child abusers. In order to end child abuse, Southall willingly breaks the trust between himself as a child's physician and parents, considering the child his patient. Southall also notes that his charity, Child Advocacy International, has suffered sabotage in a campaign against his activities orchestrated by organized child sexual abuse rings. Southall spent 4 years in adult medicine, 1 year in obstetrics, and 2 years as a general practitioner before embarking on a 21-year career in pediatrics. Now he is interested in advocacy for international child health. His charity gives physicians an opportunity to engage in international work in Afghanistan, Albania, and Bosnia. He set up Child Advocacy International after being appalled by conditions he encountered on a 1993 trip to Bosnia to evacuate sick and injured children. Southall believes that developing countries should organize primary and secondary health care systems in tandem.