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Your search found 3 Results

  1. 1
    327779
    Peer Reviewed

    Contraptions for intrauterine contraception.

    Edouard L

    Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care. 2008 Jul; 34(3):199-201.

    Intrauterine contraception is underutilised largely due to its reputed association with infections. The Copper T-380A, one of the most cost-effective methods of contraception and the most widely used intrauterine contraceptive device in the world, is effective for at least 12 years and is also used for emergency contraception. The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG IUS) is extremely useful for treating menorrhagia. A renaissance of intrauterine contraception is overdue and will necessitate community-wide information campaigns to stimulate demand generation, implementation of service guidelines that avoid restrictive eligibility criteria, and access to service providers with special training in counselling and clinical skills. (author's)
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  2. 2
    279497

    Emergency contraception: an important and underutilized contraceptive option.

    NARAL Pro-Choice America Foundation

    Washington, D.C., NARAL Pro-Choice America Foundation, 2004 May 10. 12 p.

    Although emergency contraception has been available and proven safe for more than 25 years, too few Americans are aware that contraceptive methods are available that can prevent pregnancy after sex. In fact, nearly three-quarters of women surveyed have not heard of emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs), and only six percent of women aged 18 to 44 have used ECPs. Emergency contraception may be used when contraceptive methods fail, when they are misused or not used at all, and when women are sexually assaulted. Although emergency contraceptive methods are not a substitute for ongoing contraceptive use and do not protect against the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases, these important and underutilized contraceptive options can reduce unintended pregnancy and the need for abortion. In fact, a 2002 study revealed that ECP use was likely responsible for up to 43 percent of the decline in the number of abortions in the U.S. between 1994 and 2000—with ECP use preventing over 50,000 abortions in 2000 alone. Emergency contraceptive pills are the most commonly used method of emergency contraception. ECPs are ordinary birth control pills that reduce a woman’s chance of becoming pregnant by up to 89 percent when taken within days of unprotected sex. ECPs do not cause abortion; rather they prevent pregnancy by inhibiting ovulation, fertilization, or implantation before a pregnancy occurs. In fact, ECPs do not work if a woman is already pregnant. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved two dedicated ECPs – PREVEN and Plan B. The copper-T intrauterine device (IUD) can also be used as an emergency contraceptive. (excerpt)
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  3. 3
    189738

    Demand for public health services in Mumbai.

    Dilip TR; Duggal R

    Mumbai, India, Centre for Enquiry into Health and Allied Themes [CEHAT], 2003 Jun. [8], 51 p.

    This study report is based on a need-assessment survey conducted in connection with the BMC's plant to set up a municipal general hospital in one of its ward. The study area is unique in the sense that it is the most populous ward in Greater Mumbai, and yet, it does not have a single public hospital within its limits. Data was collected from 1,035 households spread across three health-post areas around the proposed hospital site. The study was able to bring out the utility of public health care services in the area, and to find out how the population copes with their health care needs when public health care services are not available in their locality. It is to be noted that this is a predominantly lower middle class and lower class population, which resides in the study area. In spite of not having a public hospital, for ailments reported during the reference period, about 30 per cent of the patients had sought inpatient care services from the public sector outside the locality, and about 15 per cent had sought outpatient care services from BMC facilities. Though travel time and travel costs were higher, because of financial reasons the public were still seeking health care from public health care outlets outside their locality. Analysis shows that non-availability of a public hospital was forcing about 44 per cent of the households to seek inpatient care services from the private sector, even if they were interested in seeking care from the public sector. Even the outpatient care services that were currently available in the area seemed to be inadequate, as 67 per cent of the households were having their need for outpatient care services unmet. When the poorest of the poor were left with no alternative but to seek care from public health care facility in other wards, others were "managing" with the services in the private sector where out-of-pocket expenses of treating an ailment was several times higher than that in the public sector. A majority of those who were currently "managing" their inpatient care needs through private hospitals, were willing to shift to the public health care system if made available in the locality. (author's)
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