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Psychology in the Schools. 2005; 42(3):305-313.China’s one-child policy is now 25 years of age--the officially sanctioned age for marriage by men in the People’s Republic of China. A significant proportion of those now about to enter their child-bearing years are themselves the product of the first generation of one-child homes. This article reviews the history of the single-child policy, with specific regard to the forces that initiated it as a national imperative and which today appear to sustain its widespread acceptance by the Chinese peoples. This article considers the circumstances leading to the implementation of the single-child policy, the development of incentives for compliance and penalties for noncompliance, information reflecting representative data-based analyses of outcomes from the policy, and the present situation and scenarios that might lead to a revisitation of this policy. Impressions and data gathering were conducted through conversation with individuals from all social strata in six locales in the People’s Republic of China and were contrasted with similar exploratory visits from 10 and 15 years ago. (author's)
JOURNAL OF FAMILY WELFARE. 1991 Jun; 37(2):28-39.The opinions of 150 men and 150 women from North Delhi, India on female feticide, that is selective abortion of female a fetus after amniocentesis, were determined by a questionnaire. Significantly more women, mostly older women, were positively disposed to female feticide, and fewer women were highly negative than were men. People with 2 or more children tended to have more negative opinions toward the practice than did those with one or no children. Women with middle or low income, and men with high income, tended to have highly negative opinions. No differences were found regarding occupation, number of daughters or ethnic group of the respondents. People generally agreed that continuing the family name, expense of daughters' marriages, need for sons to perform parents' last rites, and not allowing girls to take responsibilities after marriage were the most important reasons for aborting female fetuses. More than 60% of those surveyed agreed with the following means of preventing female feticide: higher education for girls, enforcement of laws against dowry, equal opportunities for women, education of girls, and teaching all children sexual equality.
Lucknow, India, Lucknow University, Population Research Centre, 1985. iv, 57 p. (Population Research Centre Series B: Survey Report no. 23)This study is concerned with the opinions of university students in India with regard to population issues, including family building at the individual level. Data are from a survey of 728 students at six universities in Uttar Pradesh in 1983. Topics covered include family size ideals, son preferences, ideal age at marriage, and actual family building patterns among married students. The implications for population education are discussed. (ANNOTATION)
London, England, Population Concern, 1984 May. 64 p.This publication highlights some of the major popular misconceptions of population. It is divided into 5 sections: 1) population growth; 2) United Kingdom 3) food; 4) family size; and 5) planned parenthood. Misconceptions of population growth include lack of concern about birth rates, and poverty. It is unreasonable to assume that social and economic development will automatically curb the high levels of population growth in less-developed countries. Population policy should be formulated and implemented as an integral part of socioeconomic planning. In discussing Britain's population misconceptions, chart is used to show the ratio of numbers of children and old people to the working age population. Population matters in Britain are often presented as if population and the national economy were Siamese twins. There is anxiety that if the population stops growing the nation will somehow stagnate. Charts present total food production in the UK and imports and exports. Food concerns include hunger and an unequal distribution of food. World food production is presented along with food losses, and available food divided by the population. Total food production figures are given for the US and Canada, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Africa, Latin America, the Near East, Far East, Asian centrally planned economics, USSR and Eastern Europe, less-developed countries, and more-developed countries. Concerns about family size include the relationship of poverty to large families, child labor, effects of family composition on reproductive behavior, and infant mortality. Many people believe that reduction of infant mortality automatically leads to reduction in family size. Certain groups feel that women do not want fertility control programs, and that unsafe methods of contraception are being pushed at them--chiefly by men. The monograph includes many photographs.