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SAIS Review. 2004 Summer-Fall; 24(2):9-25.Russia is at the brink of a steep demographic decline--a peacetime population hemorrhage framed by a collapse of the birth rate and a catastrophic surge in the death rate. The following pages will attempt to demonstrate that post-Communist Russia is today beset by what may fairly be characterized as severe, dramatic, and even critical population problems. Russian social conditions, economic potential, military power, and international influence are today all subject to negative demographic constraints--and these constraints stand only to worsen over the years immediately ahead. Altering Russia's demographic trajectory would be a formidable task under any circumstances. Unfortunately, as of yet, neither Russia's political leadership nor the voting public that sustains it have really even begun to address the enormous magnitude of the country's demographic challenges. (author's)
Dacca, Bangladesh, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, April 1977. 41 p.Reports on a survey conducted to identify the formal and informal opinion leaders as perceived by the people of Bangladesh, and to assess their attitude towards family planning. Findings indicate that the contraception practice rate among opinion leaders is significantly higher than the average, and it is recommended that specific orientation and training in the skills of interpersonal and group communication be arranged for them to effect a transfer of motivation to the people in their locality. Also established is the fact that obstacles to family planning due to religious belief is more a function of the leaders' perception of people's attitude than a function of reality. Opinion leaders fail to identify population as the root problem, so that family planning education should be structured around the felt problems of food, unemployment, poverty, and so forth. The need for a greater degree of husband-wife communication about family planning is indicated, as well as a change in the traditional status of women. A family planning program with an incentive-disincentive aspect should be deemphasized. Finally, the survey reveals that the local leadership is not yet ready to take major responsibility in family planning communication.
New York Times on the Web. 2002 May 1;  p..The Arab world has been experiencing massive street demonstrations in recent months. The question is, how will they survive? What many are doing to survive is to slow down whatever modernization, globalization or democratization initiatives they were either pursuing or contemplating and to focus on the old agenda of the Arab-Israeli conflict. It is noted that the biggest victims of the West Bank war will be Arab liberals--as fledging democratic experiments are postponed, foreign investment reduced, security services given more leeway to crack down all public discussion dominated by the Palestine issue. But keeping the public and politicians focused on modernization is not easy. Hence, Microsoft signaled its intent to invest US$2 million in a creative Jordanian software firm. The cabinet amended the laws by fiat, but was hoping a new Parliament would ratify them.
TIDSSKRIFT FOR SAMFUNNSFORSKNING. 1996; 37(4):534-53.The author examines the contemporary Norwegian media debate on immigration and presents several examples illustrating the difference between an analytical and utopian approach to the issues. "Examples of analytical antagonism, not acceptable to utopians, are the contradiction between the idea of a `multicultural society' and specific cultural conditions for a common community, between claiming full integration of immigrants and at the same time full respect for an alien culture, and certain assumptions about immigrant culture as harmonious expression of the interests of all immigrants. When the program for full integration fails, this is often explained as an effect of assumed racist attitudes in the population. Contemporary radical mass mobilization against racism and fascism may possibly disguise public attention to more real totalitarian challenges to our civilization." (EXCERPT) (SUMMARY IN ENG)
CURRENT WORLD LEADERS. 1995 Apr; 38(2):35-44.The notion of the United States as `the mother of exiles' is an illusion, a legend perpetuated during an era when cheap immigrant labor was necessary to fuel the development of the country. The truth is that immigrants have been shunned for much of our history, tolerated only because their semiskilled labor was needed. Immigrant bashing was common, especially during times of economic distress. This article details the history of U.S. immigration and squarely places the current nativist sentiments in perspective. (EXCERPT)
INTEGRATION. 1991 Sep; (29):8-15.This article describes the urgent need for modern family planning (FP) services and supplies in the Soviet Union, and presents the nation's high induced abortion rate as one of its most serious medical and social problems. With more than 6 million legal abortions per year, and another estimated 6 million performed illegally, the problem of induced abortion is placed on par with heart disease and cancer in the Soviet Union. Induced abortion is the primary method of birth control, responsible for terminating 2 out of 3 pregnancies. Many abortion seekers, especially those employing illegal services, suffer complications resulting in loss of ability to work or even death. The maternal mortality rate for 1988 was 43.0/10,000. Efforts to decrease the level of abortion have increased during reconstruction, and have been witness to a decline in the number of abortions by 866,000 over the period 1985-1988. Contributory factors behind this decline, as well as the decrease of the abortion ratio, are an increased contraceptive prevalence level totalling 13.7% of reproductive-age women, stabilization of the birth rate at a low level, a smaller proportion of reproductive-age women in the population, and rate reporting changes. Nonetheless, inadequate family planning services prevail in the Soviet Union. Instead of focusing upon abortion and contraception, services focus upon diagnosing and treating infertility, and offer neither FP information nor services for premarital youths. Moreover, contraceptive supplies suffer serious, ongoing shortages. Research is needed on the social, demographic, medical, and biological aspects of reproductive behavior in the Soviet Union. Regional differences, abortion law, public opinion on illegitimate pregnancy, abortion methods, health personnel training, and maternal and child health are also discussed.
INTERNATIONAL QUARTERLY OF COMMUNITY HEALTH EDUCATION. 1988-89; 9(2):111-24.This retrospective examination looks at the strengths and weaknesses of anti-sterilization abuse organizing in the US, and draws out lessons for other areas of work. It begins by exploring the problem of sterilization abuse and the history of the movement against it. Theoretical concepts of community organizing, such as, the concept of community and the concept of movement, are defined and discussed. Issue selection and strategy, 2 crucial aspects of any successful organizing effort, are examined as are organizational forms and coalition building. An evaluation indicates that the anti-abuse efforts were successful and rich with lessons for reproductive rights and other popular health struggles today. (Author's modified)
Beverly Hills, California, Sage Publications, 1983. 240 p. (Sourcebooks for Improving Human Services Vol. 2)An attempt is made to demonstrate how human service public relations, public education, and prevention activities can be carried out through the media. Initially, the book presents some evidence that more public education efforts on the part of human service workers are necessary and what kinds are possible. It then provides specific guidelines, strategies, and tools for carrying out a variety of public education activities, all of which are within the capabilities of the average human service practitioner, either as an individual or as a member of a human service organization or group. Attention is directed to organizing for action and planning media resources as well as working with the print media and opportunities in radio and television. A chapter is devoted to evaluation mechanisms, documenting success in achieving media coverage as well as evaluating the quality and impact of the media messages. Any effort to promote public understanding of social issues, community problems, human service programs, and the concerns and activities of human service workers can be enhanced significantly by the appropriate use of the mass media.