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Psychology in the Schools. 2005; 42(3):305-313.China’s one-child policy is now 25 years of age--the officially sanctioned age for marriage by men in the People’s Republic of China. A significant proportion of those now about to enter their child-bearing years are themselves the product of the first generation of one-child homes. This article reviews the history of the single-child policy, with specific regard to the forces that initiated it as a national imperative and which today appear to sustain its widespread acceptance by the Chinese peoples. This article considers the circumstances leading to the implementation of the single-child policy, the development of incentives for compliance and penalties for noncompliance, information reflecting representative data-based analyses of outcomes from the policy, and the present situation and scenarios that might lead to a revisitation of this policy. Impressions and data gathering were conducted through conversation with individuals from all social strata in six locales in the People’s Republic of China and were contrasted with similar exploratory visits from 10 and 15 years ago. (author's)
JOURNAL OF FAMILY WELFARE. 1991 Jun; 37(2):28-39.The opinions of 150 men and 150 women from North Delhi, India on female feticide, that is selective abortion of female a fetus after amniocentesis, were determined by a questionnaire. Significantly more women, mostly older women, were positively disposed to female feticide, and fewer women were highly negative than were men. People with 2 or more children tended to have more negative opinions toward the practice than did those with one or no children. Women with middle or low income, and men with high income, tended to have highly negative opinions. No differences were found regarding occupation, number of daughters or ethnic group of the respondents. People generally agreed that continuing the family name, expense of daughters' marriages, need for sons to perform parents' last rites, and not allowing girls to take responsibilities after marriage were the most important reasons for aborting female fetuses. More than 60% of those surveyed agreed with the following means of preventing female feticide: higher education for girls, enforcement of laws against dowry, equal opportunities for women, education of girls, and teaching all children sexual equality.
HEALTH FOR THE MILLIONS. 1991 Aug; 17(4):20-3.Until recently, the only sustained AIDS activity in India has been alarmist media attention complemented by occasional messages calling for comfort and dignity. Public perception of the AIDS epidemic in India has been effectively shaped by mass media. Press reports have, however, bolstered awareness of the problem among literate elements of urban populations. In the absence of sustained guidance in the campaign against AIDS, responsibility has fallen to voluntary health activists who have become catalysts for community awareness and participation. This voluntary initiative, in effect, seems to be the only immediate avenue for constructive public action, and signals the gradual development of an AIDS network in India. Proceedings from a seminar in Ahmedabad are discussed, and include plans for an information and education program targeting sex workers, health and communication programs for 150 commercial blood donors and their agents, surveillance and awareness programs for safer blood and blood products, and dialogue with the business community and trade unions. Despite the lack of coordination among volunteers and activists, every major city in India now has an AIDS group. A controversial bill on AIDS has ben circulating through government ministries and committees since mid-1989, a national AIDS committee exists with the Secretary of Health as its director, and a 3-year medium-term national plan exists for the reduction of AIDS and HIV infection and morbidity. UNICEF programs target mothers and children for AIDS awareness, and blood testing facilities are expected to be expanded. The article considers the present chaos effectively productive in forcing the Indian population to face up to previously taboo issued of sexuality, sex education, and sexually transmitted disease.
ISSUES IN REPRODUCTIVE AND GENETIC ENGINEERING. 1990; 3(1):13-21.Examining newspaper and magazine articles, the author compares the media treatment of in-vitro fertilization (IVF) with sex determination tests in India. Analysis found general media support and glorification of IVF and related technologies, but only mixed opinions regarding sex- determination testing. Mixed support for the latter form of new reproductive technologies is attributed to the debate and campaigning of women's groups, health activists, and some political leaders against amniocentesis. While public opinion regarding IVF from the feminist's perspective is just gaining ground, the author points to the classic, racist, eugenic, and patriarchal nature of both types of new reproductive technology. Anti-women in nature, they reinforce fertility as an important indicator of women's status, and will be used in population control in the future.
Lucknow, India, Lucknow University, Population Research Centre, 1985. iv, 57 p. (Population Research Centre Series B: Survey Report no. 23)This study is concerned with the opinions of university students in India with regard to population issues, including family building at the individual level. Data are from a survey of 728 students at six universities in Uttar Pradesh in 1983. Topics covered include family size ideals, son preferences, ideal age at marriage, and actual family building patterns among married students. The implications for population education are discussed. (ANNOTATION)