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Sexually Transmitted Infections. 2009 Feb; 85(1):65-69.Objectives: To design and assess HIV and homosexuality related stigma scales in a developing world context. Methods: A respondent-driven sampling survey was conducted among 351 men who have sex with men (MSM) in Shenzhen, China. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used to examine and determine the latent factors of stigma subscales. Results: Factor analyses identified three subscales associated with homosexuality and HIV stigma: public homosexual stigma (10 items), self homosexual stigma (8 items) and public HIV stigma (7 items). There were no items with cross-loadings onto multiple factors, supporting the distinctness of the constructs that these scales were meant to measure. The fit indices in confirmatory factor analysis provide evidence for the hypothesised three-factor structure of associations (the x2/degree ratio=1.84, CFI=0.91, RMSEA=0.05 and SRMR=0.05). Reliability of the three scales was excellent (Cronbach's alpha: 0.78-0.85) and stable across split samples and for the data as a whole. Conclusions: The selection of three latent factors was supported by both psychometric properties and theories of stigmatisation. The scales are brief and suitable for use in developing countries where less time-consuming measurement is preferable.
Research policy and review 23. The view of academic social scientists on the 1991 U.K. Census of Population: a report of the Economic and Social Research Council Working Group.
ENVIRONMENT AND PLANNING A. 1988 Jul; 20(7):851-89.This is a report on the survey conducted for the United Kingdom Census Office by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) concerning the 1991 census. "The primary task was to solicit views on the priority which [academic social scientists] attached to the proposed topics to be covered by the Census and to ascertain their views on the changes in question wording which are under consideration....Views were also sought on different methods for giving academics access to individual-level data from the 1991 Census." (EXCERPT)
New York, Harper and Brothers, 1950. 624 p.The author attempts to bring together the current procedures used by population surveyors in such fields as marketing, political opinion polling, government census, and radio audience measurement, as well as in the more academic attempts to evaluate populations by questionnaires. The historical background and current practices of population surveying, polling and sampling are presented, covering the following areas: 1) social surveys and polls in the US, 2) planning the survey, 3) methods of securing information, 4) the role of sampling, 5) organization and personnel of the survey, 6) construction of the schedule or questionnaire, 7) types of sampling, 8) procedures for drawing samples, 9) sample sizes, 10) interview procedures, 11) mail questionnaire procedures, 12) sources of bias, 13) editing the schedule data, 14) coding the data, 15) data tabulation, 16) data and sample evaluation, and 17) preparation and publication of the report.