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In: All of us. Births and a better life: population, development and environment in a globalized world. Selections from the pages of the Earth Times, edited by Jack Freeman and Pranay Gupte. New York, New York, Earth Times Books, 1999. 430-3.It is estimated that as the year 2000 approaches, the world population will surpass 6 billion. This projection is because either economic stagnation or social disintegration affects rapid demographic growth. Curtailing population growth alone can not solve the world's social and environmental ills; however, it requires a substantial reduction of human fertility in order to have a meaningful improvement of the human condition. To achieve this, organizations have implemented population and family planning programs in less developed countries. Although most of these efforts were not initiated until the 1960s and 1970s, there have been a number of notable successes. Contraceptive prevalence among married women of reproductive age has increased over the past 30 years from 25% to 56%. The annual rate of world population growth has declined from 2.06% to 1.4%. Within the past decade, the annual increase in human numbers has slowed from almost 90 million to less than 80 million. While these demographic trends are both important and encouraging, they do not signal victory in the world's continuing struggle to contain its human growth. This paper traces the changes in international public opinion concerning the importance of population stabilization, as long as it is based on human rights and voluntary acceptance of family planning.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, World Game Institute, 1991. 27,  p.Globally, there are 13-18 million starvation-related deaths per year; 800 million malnourished people in the world; 9 million children dying from preventable causes; 100 million people homeless; 1 billion illiterate adults; 130 million children not in school; 15 million refugees; 200 million tons of waste added to the air by human activities; 26,000 million tons of topsoil eroded from world croplands; 15 million acres of desert land formed annually by mismanagement; 28 million acres of rain forest destroyed each year; a 1.5 square mile hole in the ozone layer over Antarctica; and over 90,000 tons of known nuclear waste. According to a survey conducted over the last 20 years of over 40,000 people, the preferred state of the world would be for 100% of humanity to have on a sustainable basis: abundant supplies of food and clean water; adequate housing; comprehensive health care and sanitation facilities; abundant, clean, and safe supplies of energy; employment and vocational alternatives; literacy and access to education; access to communication and transportation; access to decision-making processes that affect their lives; a peaceful, nuclear, chemical, and biological weapon-free as well as crime and drug-free world; a clean, self-regenerating environment free from damaging practices; easy access to the information needed to produce the above; freedom of speech, press, and religion; absence of all forms of prejudice; respect of the diversity of all cultures and nations; strong social support for individuals, families, and communities; absence of all forms of degrading treatment or punishment; access to equality before an impartial tribunal; access to the right to perform public service in one's own country; access to rest and leisure; access by mothers and children to special care and assistance; and access to spiritual growth and fulfillment. The combined annual costs of solving the major human needs and environmental problems facing humanity would amount to approximately $250 billion, which is approximately 1/4 of the total annual world military expenditure.
London, England, Population Concern, 1984 May. 64 p.This publication highlights some of the major popular misconceptions of population. It is divided into 5 sections: 1) population growth; 2) United Kingdom 3) food; 4) family size; and 5) planned parenthood. Misconceptions of population growth include lack of concern about birth rates, and poverty. It is unreasonable to assume that social and economic development will automatically curb the high levels of population growth in less-developed countries. Population policy should be formulated and implemented as an integral part of socioeconomic planning. In discussing Britain's population misconceptions, chart is used to show the ratio of numbers of children and old people to the working age population. Population matters in Britain are often presented as if population and the national economy were Siamese twins. There is anxiety that if the population stops growing the nation will somehow stagnate. Charts present total food production in the UK and imports and exports. Food concerns include hunger and an unequal distribution of food. World food production is presented along with food losses, and available food divided by the population. Total food production figures are given for the US and Canada, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Africa, Latin America, the Near East, Far East, Asian centrally planned economics, USSR and Eastern Europe, less-developed countries, and more-developed countries. Concerns about family size include the relationship of poverty to large families, child labor, effects of family composition on reproductive behavior, and infant mortality. Many people believe that reduction of infant mortality automatically leads to reduction in family size. Certain groups feel that women do not want fertility control programs, and that unsafe methods of contraception are being pushed at them--chiefly by men. The monograph includes many photographs.