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Population Review. 2007; 46(2): p.How does population size affect social life? In accord with Durkheim's classic argument about the shift from the rigid "mechanical" solidarity of small societies to the more differentiated and interdependent "organic" solidarity of large societies, data from 30 nations and 19,568 respondents shows that the citizenry of large societies prefer more inequality in earnings than do citizens of small societies, net of the level of economic development. One reason for this is that citizens of large countries support larger rewards for education and occupational success. In most societies, the actual level of inequality is close to the ideal level, or a little higher. Data are from the World Inequality Study, which pools data from many excellent international survey projects; analysis is by OLS and multi-level regression. (author's)
Attitudes to water fluoridation in South Africa 1998. Part II. Influence of educational and occupational levels.
Journal of the South African Dental Association. 2000 Jan; 55(1):23-28.The purpose of this report is to investigate the influence of education, income and occupation on public perceptions of water fluoridation (WF). A questionnaire on current knowledge, sources of information, the purpose of WF and its desirability was administered to a representative sample of 2 220 individuals over the age of 18 years. Knowledge of WF increased with educational level (range from 13.5% in the grade 0-5 group to 59% in the grade 12 plus group). Lack of knowledge decreased from 76% to 37% in these groups respectively. Knowledge levels varied from 19% to 68% across the occupational spectrum and from 13% to 88% across the income spectrum. In educational levels up to grade 12, electronic media were most frequently cited as dominant sources of information among 40-50% of respondents, whereas in the grade 12 plus group print media (37%) dominated. Sources of knowledge on fluoridation were largely obtained from print and electronic media for both categories. Only 28% in the educational level up to grade 5 thought the purpose of WF was to protect teeth against decay. This gradually increased to 55% in the grade 12 plus category. More than a quarter of the population in both the occupational and income categories indicated that the purpose of WF was to purify water and protect teeth from decay. The number of respondents who thought that water should be fluoridated increased with level of education from 58% to 70%, while those who disagreed decreased as qualifications increased. The lower- and middle-income groups were more supportive of WF than the very-high-income groups. Persons in high administrative professional and executive positions were more opposed (27%) to WF than semi-skilled and unskilled workers(5%). (author's)
A pack of dole bludgers? The distribution and selected characteristics of the New Zealand born population in Australia.
NEW ZEALAND POPULATION REVIEW. 1988 Nov; 14(2):19-45.The purpose of this paper is to use demographic data to test [the] stereotype of the New Zealander [migrant] in Australia [as intent on exploiting the Australian social security system] and with it the idea that New Zealanders are of inferior 'quality' to other overseas born populations in Australia. At the same time it should be possible to offer some comment on the other stereotyped image which has emerged in relation to New Zealanders migrating to Australia--that of the Trans-Tasman 'brain drain' from New Zealand....The analysis is based largely on 1986 Census results. The author examines characteristics of this migrant population, including age distribution, spatial distribution, occupational levels, labor force participation, and length of residence in Australia. (EXCERPT)
International Migration/Migrations Internationales/Migraciones Internacionales. 1983; 21(4):440-462.Add to my documents.