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Asian Journal of Women's Studies. 1999 Mar 31; 5(1): p..For many centuries, the kitchen has been regarded as the world of women. However, it has gradually become a world of both men and women. Changes in women's roles in the kitchen reflect the transforming social position of women. Accordingly, change in men and women's performance of housework mirrors a shift in the sexual division of labor. This is accompanied by changed attitudes as well. For example, according to one investigation made by the undergraduates of the university where Ms. Wang works, only 28 percent of the women undergraduates agreed with the proposition: "A woman should try her best to be a good wife and mother, whether or not she is successful in her career." This percentage is much lower than that of women of Ms. Wang's generation. Moreover, Ms. Wang's daughter, [Lian Lian], who is much younger than the undergraduates, not only has a great longing for advanced kitchen facilities in the future, but has her own views about cooking and housework. When asked if in the future, she would like to prepare meals for the whole family as her mother has done, Lian Lian replied definitely: "I would not like to." Lian Lian likes to play with one of the boys in her class, and she once told her mother: "If I get married to him in the future, I will be a very lucky girl, because his father is a chef, and I may not have to cook much then." (author's)
New York Times on the Web. 2002 May 1;  p..The Arab world has been experiencing massive street demonstrations in recent months. The question is, how will they survive? What many are doing to survive is to slow down whatever modernization, globalization or democratization initiatives they were either pursuing or contemplating and to focus on the old agenda of the Arab-Israeli conflict. It is noted that the biggest victims of the West Bank war will be Arab liberals--as fledging democratic experiments are postponed, foreign investment reduced, security services given more leeway to crack down all public discussion dominated by the Palestine issue. But keeping the public and politicians focused on modernization is not easy. Hence, Microsoft signaled its intent to invest US$2 million in a creative Jordanian software firm. The cabinet amended the laws by fiat, but was hoping a new Parliament would ratify them.
Impacts of modernisation and urbanisation in Bangkok: an integrative ecological and biosocial study.
Nakhon Pathom, Thailand, Mahidol University, Institute for Population and Social Research [IPSR], 1992 Aug. , vi, 71 p.The findings in this impact report are preliminary. The research aim is to assess comprehensively the ecological and social impacts of modernization and urbanization in Bangkok, Thailand. Specific aims include 1) studying the human urban population and the biophysical environment through use of an integrative ecological and biosocial methodology (Boyden et al.); 2) examining the changing interrelationships between the biophysical environment, human population, societal activities, and societal arrangements; 3) developing an integrated and comprehensive framework; and 4) exploring social processes that lead to quality of life improvements. Data collection occurred during 1989-90. This first exploratory report provides a literature review and preliminary findings from the analysis of focus groups and other statistical background data in selected communities. Focus group discussions were conducted in Phaya Thai, Bangkok Noi, and Taling Chan districts from the inner, middle, and outer zones, respectively. The seven communities represented middle class groups, slum groups, an old housing group, a canal community of agriculturalists, and an agriculture-based community. Background descriptions are provided of the early settlement of Bangkok, the modernization process, the Bangkok economy, land use changes (changes from agriculture to human settlement, high-rise buildings, slums), environmental conditions (transportation, air pollution and noise, water quality, and solid waste and toxic substance disposal), and health and crime conditions. Community views are reported for transportation, pollution, land use, and social and economic problems. The combination of environmental and economic conditions is viewed by the public as impacting on housing, lifestyles, stresses, the means of adaptation, and health. The analysis revealed that environmental problems/solutions usually reflected the views of elites and inner city residents. Public participation in urban solutions is viewed as hampered by societal hierarchies, patronage, and the Buddhist-influenced relaxed acceptance. Economic conditions appeared to determine both the capacity of people to solve problems as well as to adapt to change. The Thai sense of fun and the Thai capacity for creativity and regeneration were successfully tapped in the family planning model and some other past programs.