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Migration Today. 1984; 12(1):12-20.The 1980 Census showed California to have the largest foreign born population of any state: 513,000 Mexicans, 315,000 Asians, and 79,000 Central and Caribbean Americans. This paper, based on a 1982 California statewide survey of public opinion, assesses public sentiment toward foreign born persons and American immigration, refugee, and naturalization policies. Results show that 3/5 of those surveyed felt that foreign born immigrants made as good citizens as those born in the US; 22% said they made worse citizens, and 10% felt they made better citizens. Other results show that: 1) 3/5 of Californians would like to see the number of immigrants permitted into the US lowered, 2) 31% want to leave it unchanged, and 3) 5% want the number increased. Although 7 in 10 people viewed foreigners positively, 6 in 10 wanted fewer of them admitted. A large majority of respondents believe that US immigration laws should favor no region, while 1 in 5 subscribe to the idea of regional favoritism. With respect to which regions people would prefer to see limited as sources of new immigrants, 65% said Asia, 2/5 said the Caribbean, and 1/4 said the Middle East. Broken down by respondents, Jews had the highest average percentage most strongly favorable of allowing Cuban, Haitian, Russian, Vietnamese, and Central American refugees into the US; strong conservatives were the most disapproving. Jews, strong liberals, and postcollege graduates stood at opposite ends (on the matter of refugees) from strong conservatives, the least educated individuals, and the oldest. 4/5 of the respondents, including 87% of the post graduates and 48% of the Jews, believed that no change should be made in the 5 year wait required for refugees to apply for US citizenship. Overall, the subgroups most likely to reflect the liberal position were Jews, college educated persons, and those earning $40,000 or more; yet, they were not uniform in their responses with each other. Generally speaking, a stronger correlation exists between the various responses and age, education, and political philosophy, than with religious and foreign ancestry, income, and party affiliation.
Journal of Communication. 1985 Spring; 35(2):69-81.Diaspora Jewry is being diminished in numbers by intermarriage, assimilation, and a low birth rate. In Israel, the establishment has strongly pronatalist convictions and tends to see family planning as synonymous with promotion of the use of contraception to limit births. In 1978 and 1979, a series of programs entitled "It's Not A Children's Game" was broadcast on Israel's state-owned radio broadcasting system. The motto of the series was "to help families have as many children as they want, when they want them." Its goals were to give the public basic information about services and about various means of contraception or of fertility improvement. The letters to the radio station in response to these programs are analyzed in this study. Based on the form and content of the letters, one is able to derive information about the marital status, sex, residence, and religious observance of the letter writers and to classify them as primarily help-seekers or opinion-givers. Help-seeking letters were usually very clear and direct in their requests for help. The opinion-giving letters ranged from strongly negative to strongly positive about the program and the theme of family planning. These letters can provide insights about the specific group of people who sought information or help outside of their immediate surroundings. Thus, an analysis of the written responses to a radio series on family planning suggests that radio can offer a nonthreatening way to disseminate information on sensitive and controversial social issues, and that it is possible to tentatively identify subgroups with special needs.