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  1. 1

    Country watch: Hong Kong.

    Pau A

    SEXUAL HEALTH EXCHANGE. 1998; (3):4.

    Two decades of Family Planning Association of Hong Kong (FPAHK) advocacy of husband-wife communication and cooperation in family planning led Hong Kong's population to finally accept the notion of male responsibility in family planning. Recent surveys have documented high rates of male contraceptive use. The FPAHK established its first clinic to provide men with birth control advice and services in 1960, then set up a vasectomy clinic and installed condom vending machines. Working against prevailing traditional beliefs that childbearing is the exclusive domain of women and that vasectomy harms one's health, the FPAHK began campaigns to motivate men to take a positive and active role in family planning and to correct misinformation on vasectomy. Successful FPAHK efforts to stimulate male support for family planning include the 1977 "Mr. Family Planning" campaign, the 1982 "Family Planning - Male Responsibilities" campaign, and the 1986-87 "Mr. Able" campaign. Although these campaigns ended in the 1980s, men may now be counseled on contraception at 3 of the 8 FPAHK-run birth control clinics.
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  2. 2

    Progress for peers.

    Biggs CJ

    Emphasis. 1986 Winter; 12-3.

    In April 1984, Planned Parenthood of North Central Ohio (PPNCO) was awarded $16,151 of a $280,920 grant to fund a Child and Family Health Services Project to train 25 peer educators in 18 months and to implement a peer education program in cooperation with youth-serving agencies and city and county school systems. PPNCO felt that the peer education program could serve as a pilot program to address the issue of teenage pregnancy and to better evaluate what problems the teenagers in Richland County were facing. After presenting the program at a school board meeting, the Mansfield City Board of Education voted to accept the proposal in the 2 city high schools. PPNCO began recruiting teens immediately after the meeting. The peer educators would be paid for attending the initial training, for meeting twice a month, for in-service training, and for logging their contacts. By the end of July 1984, 10 peer educators had been selected and were ready for training. The curriculum took a family life education approach and covered 30 hours of training divided into the following 4 phases: orientation -- role of the peer educator, myths and misinformation, adolescence, and positive self-image; self-esteem -- societal pressures, rights and responsibilities, assertiveness, peer pressure, decisionmaking, and problem solving; health education -- reproduction, fertilization, pregnancy, prenatal care, sexually transmitted diseases, alcohol and drug abuse, eating disorders, sexual abuse, rape and incest, and abstinence; and communication skills -- group discussion, effective communication, and listening skills. Opposition developed in response to Planned Parenthood's conducting this community program, not to peer education itself. Efforts to rescind the school board's decision were initiated and continued throughout the summer. As the school year began, opposition remained high in the schools. Many teachers would not let peer educators introduce themselves in their homerooms. The peer educators, enthused after completing their training, became frustrated in their efforts to become known as contact people. They were seen by many of their peers as "another club." To increase the program's effectiveness and to minimize controversy, the school faculty advisor officially assumed the supervision of the program within the 2 schools. PPNCO's Education Director maintained minimal contact with the peer educators. In-service training and supervision were maintained by the school faculty advisor. As the peer educator program officially ended on the last day of school, PPNCO felt successful in making the community aware of the local teenage pregnancy problem. The peer educators showed an increase in knowledge after training. Self-esteem and communication skills also were improved.
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  3. 3

    America's challenge.

    Lindsay GN

    Victor-Bostrom Fund Report. 1968 Fall; (10):24-6.

    As government increasingly recognizes its own obligations to support and provide family planning as a health and social measure, serious questions are raised as to the proper role for Planned Parenthood World Federation as a private organization. Federal programs both at home and abroad tend to make private fundraising more difficult, whatever the role of this organization may be. Contrary to common impression, experience thus far indicates that the existence of governmental programs does not decrease demands on Planned Parenthood as a private agency. A wide gap also exists between public acceptance, which has been realized, and public conviction, which still has not been accepted. Only those who feel distress at the vision of an all-encompassing megalopolis, only those with concern for the qualify of life in the crowd, and only those who see finite limits of resources recognize that the US must someday plan a halt to population growth. As the gap between the developed and the underdeveloped world widens, economists point out that the US, with less than 6% of the world's population, already consumes some 50% of the world's available raw materials. Business and government leaders are beginning to understand the rate at which an industrial and affluent society consumes the world's substance and threatens the environment. If the assumption is correct that the population explosion constitutes a major threat to life on earth, then America's own attitudes and actions at home, as well as abroad and in the developing countries, are vital. In the next few years Planned Parenthood faces the task of converting the tide of public acceptance into one of conviction and effective action on a giant scale both at home and abroad. In its effort, Planned Parenthood has continued to expand its own service functions. It now has 157 local affiliates with an additional 30 in the organizational stage. In 1967 Planned Parenthood affiliates operated 470 family planning centers, 71 more than in the previous year. Beginning in 1964 an attempt was made to quantify the needs and the costs of bringing birth control services to all who need it in the US. The partnership with government has been more intimate than simple parallelism of effort. Planned Parenthood initiated or helped to administer nearly half of the family planning projects sponsored by the War on Poverty. It has served as a consultant on family planning programs to the Department of Health, Education and Welfare and assisted affiliates and other community agencies in developing project applications for federal funds totalling about $4 million, of which about $2 million for 25 projects has been funded. Planned Parenthood World Population has undertaken the planning function and has for that purpose established a national technical assistance center and program.
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  4. 4

    Improving public confidence in Depo-Provera.

    Senanayake P; Rajkumar R

    London, International Planned Parenthood Federation, 1981 Nov. 14 p.

    Over the years the member Family Planning Associations (FPAs) of the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) have gained considerable experience in counteracting opposition to family planning. In this presentation focused on adapting FPA experience to combatting adverse publicity on Depo-Provera, attention is directed to the courtship by FPAs of the decision makers and opinion leaders whose cooperation is essential since their reaction to ill-formed and hostile publicity could mean the difference between the success or total failure of a particular family planning program. In several respects, and to family planning workers particularly, it is the local controversy that matters the most because it is here that the health and well-being of mothers and children are directly involved. It is here too that adverse publicity may have a particularly serious effect if opposition to Depo-Provera transforms itself into mistrust of family planning which is far from firmly established in many societies. Yet, decisions which can also affect the health of the individuals may be made outside the country concerned because the misleading information provided by the anti-Depo-Provera lobby has reached the desks of decision makers in aid giving nations. To deal with the invidious position in which family planning staff may find themselves, FPAs have employed a number of techniques. They have helped to create positive attitudes to family planning by identifying, contacting, and informing key people--decision makers and opinion leaders in the community--who are likely to support their programs and who are in a position to promote the message. As a logical extension of this effort, they have acted to neutralize hostile opinion. They have identified the opposition, its leaders, and their main arguments and have established contact with them in order to find, if possible, areas of agreement. They have broadened the idea of family planning so that leaders are able to perceive the wider social development and health implications of family planning. There is evidence that when properly briefed a health minister or official is in a better position to make informed decisions, making a valuable contribution to the Depo-Provera debate.
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