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Culture, Health and Sexuality. 2007 Jul-Aug; 9(4):403-414.This paper examines teenage pregnancy as a social-historical construction of increasing concern in Brazil. It presents findings from over five years of empirical research alongside an analysis of a sample of newspaper articles representative of the dominant positions in the Brazilian press concerning teenage pregnancy. In contrast to mainstream arguments and to broader moral panic surrounding teenage pregnancy, we argue that contemporary patterns of sexual behaviour among young people in Brazil do not signal growing permissiveness and are not straightforwardly related to poverty, family dysfunction or lack of life projects on the part of young people themselves. On the contrary, early pregnancy and parenthood retain strong continuities with core Brazilian values and norms of sexual culture. (author's)
[Unpublished] 1996. Presented at Taller: Violencia y Abuso Sexual en Jovenes, September 16-19, . 4 p.The fact that a community sees sexual violence as a preventable phenomenon, and that the task is understood as an issue of public concern and interest, is a cultural turnaround that deserves some comments, which are presented in the opening of this presentation. Sexual violence did not always evoke this type of thinking. A great effort had to be implemented in order to shatter deep-rooted cultural beliefs that made this phenomenon invisible, relegating it to the realm of private life. (excerpt)
Bringing the family back in? Attitudes towards the role of the family in caring for the elderly and children.
YEARBOOK OF POPULATION RESEARCH IN FINLAND. 1994; 32:80-95.In the last few years, demands [for] replacing the welfare state with family responsibility for the care of children and the elderly have become more and more insistent. Using data from a recent postal survey [in Finland] (N=1,737), the article's aim is to estimate the caring possibilities and caring potential of the family. The results show that compared to outside-home care and especially publicly provided outside-home care, family care is not supported by public opinion. However, the results provide no evidence of a decline in the caregiving potential of the family. Thus, the introduction of new family care-oriented policies and cuts in the public welfare services aimed at increasing family responsibility for the care of dependents could even be counterproductive, as families would soon be overloaded with caring tasks. (EXCERPT)