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Colombo, Sri Lanka, Ministry of Plan Implementation, Population Division . 64 p.The Ministry of Plan Implementation organized a series of seminars for leaders of public opinion as a prelude to the International Conference of Parliamentarians on Population and Development which was held in Sri Lanka from Aug. 28 to Sept. 1, 1979. The objectives of these seminars were to raise public awareness and concern on the linkages between population and development and to forumlate basic guidelines for the briefing of the Ceylon Parliamentary delegation to the International Conference. These seminars consisted of reports on: population and development medical personnel; population and development nongovernment organizations; seminar report on population development-ayurvedic physicians; population and development government agents and senior government officials; population and development mass media personnel and population and development parliamentarians. The series of seminars, deliberations and discussions surfaced the problems confronted in the organization of population and family planning activities in Sri Lanka. Dennis Hapugalle stressed the need for sterilization programs in rural areas and qualified physicians. The Family Planning Association of Sri Lanka, as a nongovernment organization concentrates on information, education, and research in family planning, in cooperation with the government's clinical services. Its programs consist of clinical services for family planning and subfertile couples; information education services; community level programs; population education for youth; women's development activities; nutrition programs; training programs, environmental and population laws; and research. A. W. Abeysekera spoke of the role of the mass media in the diffusion of knowledge as well as the difference between development and growth. Growth relates to national income and can be defined as an increase in aggregate output. Development includes changes in social structure and allocation of resources. Deficiencies in the delivery of services were discussed by Neville Fernando. Family planning services should be given very high priority.
[Unpublished] 1978. Paper presented at National Workshop on Innovative Projects in Family Planning and Rural Institutions in Bangladesh, Dacca, Bangladesh, Feb. 1-4, 1978. 9 p.The concept of integration of family planning with other development programs has led to the innovation of a multisectoral approach to population control and family planning in Bangladesh. Population education through rural cooperatives is 1 such pilot project currently under implementation. Primary cooperatives are 1 of the few widespread, tangible, and viable rural institutions operating within the village. This paper summarizes the activities undertaken so far to create an awareness of the population problem among rural cooperative and other village leaders and to enlish their support in spreading the message of family planning. The Project has passed through the following stages: 1) The establishment of a viable working infrastructure; 2) The preparation for field activities by raising and formalizing support from locally relevant authorities. The Project team initiated a series of regular contacts through personal visits and correspondence; 3) The development and execution of a 4-month training module for the leaders (based on weekly classes) to achieve acceptability and committment by the leaders; to ascertain attitudes, values, and beliefs in order to gauge what motivational stimuli villagers will respond to; to discover links between previous experiences of change in response to the felt needs of communities and that of contemporary problems; to test various educational practices, materials and motivational approaches; and to help the cooperative manager to motivate his fellow members and counter arguments against family planning likely to be thrown at him. A description of the training sessions is provided. Phase 4 will consist of follow-up and Phase 5 will entail evaluation. The paper concludes with a detailed list of preliminary findings.