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    Increasing contribution of voluntary organisations in attaining population stabilisation.

    Talwar PP

    DEMOGRAPHY INDIA. 1990 Jan-Jun; 19(1):17-26.

    India is the 1st country to have embraced the notion of family planning at the national level. Provisions for programs were indeed included as components of the nation's 1st 5-year plan in 1951. India's population grew over the 1900s to reach a peak growth rate of 2.2%/year over the period 1961-81, then declined slowly to 2.04%/year in 1988. Zero population growth is, however, ultimately desired by the country's planners and policy makers. A midterm goal has been set to attain net reproduction rate of 1 by the year 2000. Declines in crude birth, crude death, and infant mortality rates will be required to reach this objective, in addition to an increase in the couple protection rate. National family planning efforts have met with only moderate success thus far, in large part due to the public perception of the program as a product of and for the Indian government. Voluntary organizations do, however, have great potential to contribute to the program's success. Their potential role is discussed. Specifically, non-governmental organizations (NGO) may help to make the program more community-oriented and accessible, with improved internal worker coordination. They may train functionaries, help supply spacing methods, provide follow-up acceptors, and help make family welfare education be more effective in the organized sector. The paper discusses the degree of current NGO involvement, collaborative experiences with government and how they may be increased in both quantity and effectiveness, and the need for full attention to NGOs for their effective involvement.
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