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  1. 1
    Peer Reviewed

    Patrifocal concerns in the lives of women in academic science: continuity of tradition and emerging challenges.

    Gupta N; Sharma AK

    Indian Journal of Gender Studies. 2003 May-Aug; 10(2):279-305.

    This paper examines the social milieu of women academic scientists, parental influence in decision making in regard to the career of their daughters, parents’ expectations, importance of marriage and the criteria involved therein. The support of parents and spouse are vital for the success of women scientists. Nevertheless, the “dual burden” has an impact on professional work, and the consequent redefinition of “success” is clearly a product of patrifocal social structures and ideology. (author's)
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  2. 2

    AIDS, Africa, and academics [letter]

    Klopper A; Fisk NM

    Lancet. 1987 Sep 5; 2(8558):575.

    Dr. Seaman (Aug. 8, p. 339) expresses his concern at Edinburgh and Glasgow Universities' advice to medical students not to undertake electives in certain African countries for fear of HIV infection. To this sad list must now be added the University of Aberdeen, which has included staff visiting these countries in respect of academic interests in their "very strong advice", and has produced a waiver for staff to sign. As Dr. Greenwood points out (June 13, p. 1374) the risk of acquiring AIDS during a trip to Africa as a result of emergency treatment with infected instruments or blood is remote; much more so than the health and travel risks to which students and staff are exposed in other elective activities. 2 issues seem clear to us--1 medical and the other academic. It is a contradiction of professional ethics that doctors (either those in the making or the finished article) should shrink from the sick. The academic judgment is more open to question. Many of us believe that by being members of a university we belong to a wider community of learning than is encompassed by our local campus, a community to which we owe an obligation as teachers. We feel a commonality of purpose and a duty to our colleagues in the universities of Africa. It is a remarkable coincidence that such controversial adviceshould have been issued simultaneously by 3 of the 4 Scottish medical schools. It is a pity that the Aberdeen advice was distributed during vacation time when few were available to benefit from the instruction and when an adequate response to it could not be organized. Perhaps the deans of the medical shools concerned should write to The Lancet to explain their stand and state how they expect members of their universities to respond to academic invitations from, for example, Uganda, Zambia, Kenya, Nigeria, and The Gambia, all countries with which we in this department have academic connections. To ask us to ostracize our colleagues in Africa is a serious matter. It marks a profound departure in university attitudes and policy. (full text)
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