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Your search found 6 Results

  1. 1
    Peer Reviewed

    Contraptions for intrauterine contraception.

    Edouard L

    Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care. 2008 Jul; 34(3):199-201.

    Intrauterine contraception is underutilised largely due to its reputed association with infections. The Copper T-380A, one of the most cost-effective methods of contraception and the most widely used intrauterine contraceptive device in the world, is effective for at least 12 years and is also used for emergency contraception. The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG IUS) is extremely useful for treating menorrhagia. A renaissance of intrauterine contraception is overdue and will necessitate community-wide information campaigns to stimulate demand generation, implementation of service guidelines that avoid restrictive eligibility criteria, and access to service providers with special training in counselling and clinical skills. (author's)
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  2. 2
    Peer Reviewed

    Emergency contraception: Overestimated effectiveness and questionable expectations.

    Stanford JB

    Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 2008 Jan; 83(1):19-21.

    Reproductive-health advocates have advocated tirelessly for increased awareness of, access to, and utilization of emergency contraception, particularly levonorgestrel (Plan B), with considerable success in the face of much opposition. Unfortunately, the associated political and ideological struggles have diverted attention from two key issues around the use of this drug: how effective it really is and the impact of its use at the population level. (excerpt)
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  3. 3

    Free choice restricted: USAID's reactionary policies and the case of emergency contraception in Peru.

    Chavez S; Coe AB

    Lima, Peru, Centro de Promocion y Defensa de los Derechos Sexuales y Reproductivos [PROMSEX], 2007 Sep. 27 p.

    For 30 years the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) has been the primary foreign donor to health programs in Peru. In 1998 alone it provided $21 million to Peru's public health sector, making up approximately one-fourth of the bi- and multilateral financial aid in this area. A significant portion of USAID's funding has been directed to reproductive health, with a focus on family planning. For example, between 1994 and 1998, USAID provided $85 million to family planning activities, or three quarters of all of its reproductive health aid to Peru. USAID's support has contributed significantly to improving the reproductive health and rights of people living in poverty in Peru, particularly women. Nevertheless, politically driven U.S. policies governing USAID's programs have at times inhibited reproductive rights and adversely affected the health and well-being of individuals. Depending on the goals of successive U.S. administrations, USAID's support for family planning programsin Peru has shifted since it began working there in the 1960s. Initially, it focused on meeting demographic goals, with a mindset toward simply slowing rapid population growth. After the International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo in 1994, USAID sought to implement that agreement, shifting to a rights-based approach to population policy, which emphasized women's needs and context, rather than fertility targets. Today, under the conservative Bush administration, USAID's position on emergency contraception in Peru negates fundamental human rights, including the right to informed and voluntary decisions over one's body, reproduction, and contraceptive use. (excerpt)
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  4. 4
    Peer Reviewed

    Comparison of knowledge, attitudes, experience, and opinions between teachers and guardians regarding the emergency contraceptive pill in Chiang Mai, Thailand.

    Sripichyakan K; Tangmunkongvorakul A

    Nursing and Health Sciences. 2006 Mar; 8(1):27-35.

    Teachers and guardians (parents or authorized persons) are expected to collaborate in educating female students about emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) but it is unknown whether they have similar perspectives on ECPs. This study aimed to compare their knowledge, attitudes, experience, and opinions regarding ECPs. Questionnaires were distributed to 720 female teachers and guardians of eight randomly selected high schools and vocational schools in Chiang Mai, Thailand. There were significantly more teachers who knew about the existence of ECPs than guardians. More guardians reported some accurate information regarding ECPs than did teachers. More teachers than guardians believed that the use of ECPs was not morally wrong. Both teachers and guardians had similar experience with ECP use and similar agreement in teaching female adolescents about ECPs. The teachers and guardians had some different opinions on teaching barriers. It is suggested that both teachers and guardians are suited to teach female adolescents about ECPs, but they need preparation in different aspects. (author's)
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  5. 5

    Emergency contraception in California. Findings from a 2003 Kaiser Family Foundation survey.

    Salganicoff A; Wentworth B; Ranji U

    Menlo Park, California, Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, 2004 Feb. 22 p.

    While women are the direct users of emergency contraception, men play an important role in reducing unintended pregnancies, making it important to understand their familiarity with and attitudes toward emergency contraception. This survey is one of the first that examines men’s knowledge and attitudes. This survey also provides insight into teenagers’ experiences with emergency contraception, which differ somewhat from those of their adult counterparts. This report has two major sections. Section I presents survey findings on knowledge of and attitudes towards emergency contraception among Californians of reproductive age. Section II discusses the experiences of Californians in obtaining and using emergency contraceptives. The conclusion summarizes the key survey findings and identifies remaining challenges to increasing public awareness of emergency contraceptives in order to reduce unintended pregnancy. (excerpt)
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  6. 6

    Emergency contraception: an important and underutilized contraceptive option.

    NARAL Pro-Choice America Foundation

    Washington, D.C., NARAL Pro-Choice America Foundation, 2004 May 10. 12 p.

    Although emergency contraception has been available and proven safe for more than 25 years, too few Americans are aware that contraceptive methods are available that can prevent pregnancy after sex. In fact, nearly three-quarters of women surveyed have not heard of emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs), and only six percent of women aged 18 to 44 have used ECPs. Emergency contraception may be used when contraceptive methods fail, when they are misused or not used at all, and when women are sexually assaulted. Although emergency contraceptive methods are not a substitute for ongoing contraceptive use and do not protect against the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases, these important and underutilized contraceptive options can reduce unintended pregnancy and the need for abortion. In fact, a 2002 study revealed that ECP use was likely responsible for up to 43 percent of the decline in the number of abortions in the U.S. between 1994 and 2000—with ECP use preventing over 50,000 abortions in 2000 alone. Emergency contraceptive pills are the most commonly used method of emergency contraception. ECPs are ordinary birth control pills that reduce a woman’s chance of becoming pregnant by up to 89 percent when taken within days of unprotected sex. ECPs do not cause abortion; rather they prevent pregnancy by inhibiting ovulation, fertilization, or implantation before a pregnancy occurs. In fact, ECPs do not work if a woman is already pregnant. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved two dedicated ECPs – PREVEN and Plan B. The copper-T intrauterine device (IUD) can also be used as an emergency contraceptive. (excerpt)
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