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Creating awareness of the issues and problems of the elderly: among planners and policy makers; in the local community.
In: Implications of Asia's population future for older people in the family. Report and selected background papers from the Expert Group Meeting on the Implications of Asia's Population Future for Family and the Elderly, 25-28 November 1996, Bangkok, compiled by United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific [ESCAP]. New York, New York, United Nations, 1996. 104-16. (Asian Population Studies Series No. 145; ST/ESCAP/1736)Asians have long held their elderly in high esteem as being both wise and the focal points of family and community unity, especially in rural areas. Asian societies, however, are undergoing rapid technological advancement, modernization, rapid demographic changes, and rapid national economic growth amid persistent mass poverty which have led to the ongoing decline in the status of the aged and very old in Asia. As their lifespans and numbers increase, old people are also becoming more poor and marginalized, and increasingly seen as burdens by contemporary families. Asian families need to establish a sustainable balance between the old and basic Asian family values and current modernization. Future aging in Asia, the Asian response to aging, raising awareness of aging, the need for a new philosophy of aging, an agenda for research and policy awareness, legislating the consequences of population aging, what can be done about aging in the region, public awareness and action, families, institutional support systems, and the mass media's role in changing public perception are discussed. Asian families and communities need to change how they perceive the elderly, giving priority to empowering older people and the organizations which fight for their interests. Such efforts should not, however, provoke a move away from the focus upon keeping families strong, healthy, and stable.
Bringing the family back in? Attitudes towards the role of the family in caring for the elderly and children.
YEARBOOK OF POPULATION RESEARCH IN FINLAND. 1994; 32:80-95.In the last few years, demands [for] replacing the welfare state with family responsibility for the care of children and the elderly have become more and more insistent. Using data from a recent postal survey [in Finland] (N=1,737), the article's aim is to estimate the caring possibilities and caring potential of the family. The results show that compared to outside-home care and especially publicly provided outside-home care, family care is not supported by public opinion. However, the results provide no evidence of a decline in the caregiving potential of the family. Thus, the introduction of new family care-oriented policies and cuts in the public welfare services aimed at increasing family responsibility for the care of dependents could even be counterproductive, as families would soon be overloaded with caring tasks. (EXCERPT)
[Three projections of population decline for Quebec: characteristics and implications for the working population] Trois scenarios de decroissance de la population quebecoise: caracteristiques et incidences sur la population active.
CAHIERS QUEBECOIS DE DEMOGRAPHIE. 1986 Oct; 15(2):181-212.After a brief review of various projections of population decline for Quebec, the author analyses some previous examples of depopulation, and emphasizes that public opinion will have to change much if immigration is to be used as a tool for avoiding population decline. He then investigates four implications of the projected decline: the size of the working population, its age and sex structure, the labor force participation ratio, and the economic dependency ratio. (SUMMARY IN ENG AND SPA) (EXCERPT)