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[Reversal of trends--or change of attitudes? Attitudes on marriage and parenthood of 18- to 28-year-old German women in 1978 and 1983] Wende--oder Einstellungswandel? Heiratsabsichten und Kinderwunsch 18- bis 28jahriger deutscher Frauen 1978 und 1983
Zeitschrift fur Bevolkerungswissenschaft. 1985; 11(1):89-110.Changing attitudes toward marriage, consensual unions, and family formation in the Federal Republic of Germany are analyzed using data from surveys carried out in 1978 and 1983 among German women aged 18-28. Each survey included 1,000 women in first marriages and 1,000 single women. The findings, which reveal clear differences between the two birth cohorts, indicate increasing acceptance of consensual unions and a decreasing tendency to marry; however, they also indicate a trend toward a more pro-natalist orientation. A comparison with data from a longitudinal study "suggests that the differences between the women interviewed in 1978 and those interviewed in 1983 are less cohort-specific, but rather due to external factors of the social context which gained significance between the spring of 1982 and the autumn of 1983." (summary in ENG, FRE) (EXCERPT)
Journal of Biosocial Science. October 1975; 7(4):435-444.A survey was conducted in 1973 in the Republic of Ireland on the opinions of 754 married women and 194 husbands on the practice of contraception and on the government ban on and the desired availability of contraception. The ban has since been lifted. 54.1% of the women said that the had used family planning at some time. The safe period was the leading method, used by 55%, followed by the pill, which was used by 15.6%. Coitus interruptus was third, being used by 10.2%. Differences in use were found according to age, residence, and social class. Contraception was the highest in the 30-34 age group and in urban areas, where 61% used contraception, compared to 39% in rural areas. Younger women and those of the professional classes tended more toward artificial methods of contraception. Only 3.3% of the agricultural class used an artificial method. More than 75% wanted the government ban on contraceptives repealed. Yet, only 5.5% wanted contraceptives to be made freely available to everybody. Most wanted them restricted to married couples and by prescription only.