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  1. 1

    [Germany after unification--opinions on and attitudes toward the family, children, and family policy in the East and West] Deutschland nach der Vereinigung--Meinungen und Einstellungen zu Familie, Kindern und zur Familienpolitik in Ost und West.

    Stortzbach B


    In this contribution, first results are given of a survey initiated in 1992 by the Federal Institute for Population Research...on the acceptance of measures related to family policy. With this survey a total of 10,000 representatively selected German women and men aged 20 to 39 years were interviewed as to their opinions and attitudes with regard to family and children as well as with regard to measures related to family policy....This first results analysis is focussed on demonstrating the differences and common features in the opinions of the respondents from the former RFA and from the former GDR. The results indicate clear differences between the former two parts of Germany in the assessment of reasons for the decline of the birthrate, value orientation with regard to family and children as well as the assessment of the actual family policy adopted by the federal government and of individual measures related to family policy. (SUMMARY IN ENG AND FRE) (EXCERPT)
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  2. 2

    What do males and females of Delhi city think about female foeticide?

    Shah A; Taneja S

    JOURNAL OF FAMILY WELFARE. 1991 Jun; 37(2):28-39.

    The opinions of 150 men and 150 women from North Delhi, India on female feticide, that is selective abortion of female a fetus after amniocentesis, were determined by a questionnaire. Significantly more women, mostly older women, were positively disposed to female feticide, and fewer women were highly negative than were men. People with 2 or more children tended to have more negative opinions toward the practice than did those with one or no children. Women with middle or low income, and men with high income, tended to have highly negative opinions. No differences were found regarding occupation, number of daughters or ethnic group of the respondents. People generally agreed that continuing the family name, expense of daughters' marriages, need for sons to perform parents' last rites, and not allowing girls to take responsibilities after marriage were the most important reasons for aborting female fetuses. More than 60% of those surveyed agreed with the following means of preventing female feticide: higher education for girls, enforcement of laws against dowry, equal opportunities for women, education of girls, and teaching all children sexual equality.
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  3. 3

    [The place of the child in French society since the sixteenth century] La place de l'enfant dans la societe francaise depius le XVIe siecle.

    Lebrun F

    In: Denatalite: l'anteriorite francaise (1800-1914), edited by the Centre d'Etudes Transdisciplinaires, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales. Paris, France, Seuil, 1986. 247-57. (Communications No. 44)

    The author traces developments in the value placed on children and childhood in French society from the sixteenth century to the present. These developments are seen as factors underlying changes in contraceptive use and reproductive behavior in France. (ANNOTATION)
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  4. 4

    [The problems connected with the unfulfilled wish to have children] Zur Problematik der unerfullten Kinderwunsche

    Schwarz K

    Zeitschrift fur Bevolkerungswissenschaft. 1983; 9(3):401-11.

    The advocates of a pronatalist policy use as their major point of argument that the true desire for children [is] greater than the actually prevailing number of children would indicate. Consequently, it should also be in the interest of society to remove the barriers which impede the realization of the wish to have children. The article deals with this contention in a critical manner and questions the correctness of the argument. It is suggested that the results of opinion polls relating to the desire for children convey false impressions and that in view of modern life-styles and goals, it is difficult to find reasons for having several children. "The author nevertheless advocates a general improvement in the situation of families who have several children. Although this should contribute only little to changes in today's reproductive behaviour, such a policy might after all in the long run still have a favourable influence on...values." The geographic focus of the paper is on the Federal Republic of Germany. (summary in ENG, FRE) (EXCERPT)
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