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Nursing for Women's Health. 2007; 11(1):83-87.In June 2006, the approval and recommendation of a human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine that can prevent most cervical cancers piqued interest, generated much media attention and raised questions. As a result, many young women, parents and others want to know more about this vaccine. This article will help nurses understand and communicate about issues surrounding the vaccine. HPVs are a family of more than 100 virus types that cause such problems as common warts, plantar warts, skin cancers, anal and genital warts, recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (a rare benign infection of type HPV 6 or 11 that passes from mothers to infants during childbirth), head and neck cancers, genital cancers (vagina, vulva, penile) and cervical cancer. Approximately 40 types of HPV infect the mucosal epithelium, whereas 60 types are cutaneous. More than half of sexually active women and men will be infected with one or more types of HPV in their lifetime, and some reports indicate that 80 percent of women will have anHPV infection by 50 years of age. Young women and men between 15 and 24 years of age account for half of the infections. HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the United States. It's estimated that 20 million people are currently infected and 6.2 million will be newly infected each year. (excerpt)
Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs. 2004 Oct; 24(2):393-399.Though the practice of female circumcision continues in several African countries it has remained unknown in most other societies. However, immigrants coming to Western Europe from countries in Africa where this practice persists sparked a public debate and social controversy at various levels. This paper focuses on the immigrant community in the Netherlands and reviews briefly what debates have taken place in that country on the practice of female circumcision. The paper then examines the relationship between religion, culture and ethnicity and the practice of female circumcision. Finally, the paper reviews the discussions during the first conference on female circumcision in Europe and examines why this is important, both for the fight against female circumcision and for the development of Islam in the Netherlands. (author's)
JOURNAL OF FAMILY WELFARE. 1991 Jun; 37(2):28-39.The opinions of 150 men and 150 women from North Delhi, India on female feticide, that is selective abortion of female a fetus after amniocentesis, were determined by a questionnaire. Significantly more women, mostly older women, were positively disposed to female feticide, and fewer women were highly negative than were men. People with 2 or more children tended to have more negative opinions toward the practice than did those with one or no children. Women with middle or low income, and men with high income, tended to have highly negative opinions. No differences were found regarding occupation, number of daughters or ethnic group of the respondents. People generally agreed that continuing the family name, expense of daughters' marriages, need for sons to perform parents' last rites, and not allowing girls to take responsibilities after marriage were the most important reasons for aborting female fetuses. More than 60% of those surveyed agreed with the following means of preventing female feticide: higher education for girls, enforcement of laws against dowry, equal opportunities for women, education of girls, and teaching all children sexual equality.